Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [A Hadeeth Narrated By Jundub Bin Sufyaan Regarding The Revelation of Aayaat 1 – 3′ Surah Ad-Duhaa]
In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Narrated Jundub bin Sufyan [radiyallaahu anhu]: Once Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayi wasallam] became sick and could not offer his night prayer (i.e.Tahajjud prayers) for two or three nights. Then a lady [the wife of Abu Lahab] came and said, “O Muhammad! I think that your satan has forsaken you, for I have not seen him with you for two or three nights!” On that Allaah revealed: “By the forenoon [after sunrise]; and by the night when it darkens [and stands still]; your Lord [O Muhammad] has neither forsaken you nor hates you.” [Surah Ad-Duhaa’ Aayaat 1-3]
Al-Bukhaari [rahimahullaah] said, “Chapter: The Statement of Allaah: “Your Lord [O Muhammad] has neither forsaken you nor hates you.” [The Arabic word that is translated as ‘has forsaken you’ can be read in two ways: with emphasis [i.e. Wadda’aka] or without emphasis [i.e. Wada ‘aka]. The meaning of both is the same, [(your Lord) has (not) forsaken you]. Ibn ‘Abbas said: The Verse means: ‘He has not forsaken you, nor does He hate you.” [Bukhaari Hadeeth Number 4950]
Some Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth
 The revelation of the Qur’aan.
 The revelation used to stop for some time.
 The subject matter regarding the revelation of the Qur’aan was well known to the people.
 Asbaab An-Nuzool – revelation [of parts] of the Qur’aan to give a clarification [or explanation] due to a question that was asked or an event that took place.
 In the Qur’aan, there is that which was revealed due to [specific reasons circumstances] and that which was revealed from the beginning without a specific reason.
 The application of a verse [or verses] is not limited to the specific [reason or circumstances] for which it was revealed, rather it is applicable to other similar reasons and circumstances [i.e. its relevance and application to those other similar reasons and circumstances is indentified, clarified and explained by the upright and qualified scholars of Tafseer].
 Surah Ad-Duhaa is a Makkan Surah [i.e. revealed in Makkah] and was revealed before the Hijrah [i.e. before the Messenger (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam) migrated to Madeenah)].
Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 26-27. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]