[20] Basics -[Revising And Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: [Eemaan – The Greatest Obligation and Means to Every Good In This Life and The Next]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Most Important Fundamentals: [Eemaan – The Greatest Obligation and Means to Every Good In This Life and The Next]

Eemaan_Greatest_Obligation

 

[17] Basics-[Revising And Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Importance of The Five Daily Prayers And a Warning Against Being Negligent Regarding Them)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Importance of The Five Daily Prayers And a Warning Against Being Negligent Regarding Them

The_Prayer17

The five daily prayers is the second pillar of Islam and its greatest foundation after Tawheed [pure Islamic monotheism], and it is proof of one’s truthfulness. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّمَا يَعۡمُرُ مَسَـٰجِدَ ٱللَّهِ مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَأَقَامَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ – The Mosques of Allah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day; perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat)…] [Surah At-Tawbah. Verse 18]

The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The covenant between us and them (i.e. the disbelievers) is the prayer and whoever abandons it has disbelieved” . [Saheeh Al-Jaami 4143]. [Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/abandoning-the-prayer-is-from-the-most-dangerous-of-sins-imam-adh-dhahabi/ ]

The prayer is the first deed one will be questioned about on the day of judgement, so if it is accepted, then one will attain safety and success, but if rejected one will incur ruin and loss. There are numerous texts in the Qur’aan regarding the command to establish the prayer- to give it close attention, perform it at its prescribed times and a warning against being negligent regarding it. Allaah said: [حَـٰفِظُواْ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَٲتِ وَٱلصَّلَوٰةِ ٱلۡوُسۡطَىٰ وَقُومُواْ لِلَّهِ قَـٰنِتِينَ – Guard strictly (five obligatory) As­Salawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salat (i.e. the best prayer ­ ‘Asr). And stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 238]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وَأَقِيمُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتُواْ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةَ – And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 110]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ كَانَتۡ عَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ كِتَـٰبً۬ا مَّوۡقُوتً۬ا – Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Verse 10]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [وَأۡمُرۡ أَهۡلَكَ بِٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَٱصۡطَبِرۡ عَلَيۡہَا‌ۖ -And enjoin As-Salat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Ta Ha. Verse 132]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: فَخَلَفَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ خَلۡفٌ أَضَاعُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلشَّہَوَٲتِ‌ۖ فَسَوۡفَ يَلۡقَوۡنَ غَيًّا – Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salat (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell]. [Surah Maryam. Verse 59]

Allaah [The Exalted] stated about the people of the hell fire that when they are asked: [مَا سَلَڪَكُمۡ فِى سَقَرَ – What has caused you to enter Hell? قَالُواْ لَمۡ نَكُ مِنَ ٱلۡمُصَلِّينَ – They will say, “We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Al-Muddath-thir. Verses 42-43] [An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 57-58] Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

Virtue of The Asr Prayer In Particular

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [حَـٰفِظُواْ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَٲتِ وَٱلصَّلَوٰةِ ٱلۡوُسۡطَىٰ وَقُومُواْ لِلَّهِ قَـٰنِتِينَ – Guard strictly (five obligatory) As­-Salawat (the prayers) especially the Salaatul Wustaa (middle prayer – i.e. the best prayer ­ ‘Asr). And stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 238]

The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever misses the Asr prayer [i.e. intentionally] until its time elapses, it is as if he has lost his family and his wealth”. (a)

Why is the Asr prayer specifically mentioned and not the other prayers?

The scholars say that perhaps the wisdom behind this is because the time of Asr is when the people are very busy in trade and roaming about in the markets. At present -سبحان الله – the time of Asr prayer is the hardest time for those engaged in professional occupations, because they return and relax in their houses and do not wake up until the time of Asr prayer elapses, so they are lackadaisical in this affair. The scholars say that the meaning of Salaatul Wustaa is the Asr prayer. It has been reported from the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] that on the day of Al Ahzaab – the day of the battle of Al Khandaq when the Arab tribes gathered to fight the Muslims – he said, “O Allaah! Fill their (i.e. the disbelievers) houses and graves with fire, as they busied us so much that we did not perform the middle Salat [(prayer)- i.e. Asr prayer] till the sun had set”. (b)

The Asr prayer also has other specific virtues. The scholars say that it is the time in which the angels of the night and the angels of the day get together- the angels who accompany or guard the children of Aadam. There are two time periods in which the angels gather – the angels of the day time get together at the time of Fajr and accompany the children of Aadam from Fajr to Asr. And at Asr time, the angels of the night take over and accompany the children of Aadam from Maghrib to Ishaa, and at Fajr they change shifts. The proof of this is the hadeeth reported by Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “Angels come to you in succession by night and day, and all of them get together at the time of Fajr and Asr prayers. Those who have passed the night with you [or stayed with you] ascend [to the heaven] and Allaah asks them, though He knows everything about you, ‘’In what state did you leave my slaves?’’ The angels reply: ‘’When we left them, they were offering Salat (prayer) and when we reached them, they were offering Salat”. (c)

Allaah [Glorified be He and Free is He from all imperfections] said about the Fajr prayer: [وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ ۖ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا – And recite the Qur’an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). The scholars say that the reason behind this is because it (i.e. Fajr time) is the time in which the angels of the night and the angels of the daytime get together and likewise at the time of Asr Salaah, for they are two time periods in which the angels change shifts in order to accompany the children of Aadam. Therefore, a Muslim should be eager to perform the Asr prayer at its correct time and if he is preoccupied (i.e. without a valid shariah excuse) until its time elapses, then it is as if he has lost all his family and wealth. [An Excerpt from Sharh Kitaab Wuqootis Salaah Min Muwatta Al-Imaam Maalik Bin Anas. pages 93 -95]


[Ref a: Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Number 552]
[Ref b: Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Number 2931]
[Ref c: Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Number 555]

 

 

[15] Basics- [Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Kufru Bimaa Yu’badu Min Doonil laah – Disbelief in Everything That Is Worshipped besides Allaah) Is the Eighth Condition of The Shahadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The eight condition of the Shahadah is Al-Kufru Bimaa Yu’badu  Min Doonil laah- to disbelieve in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah. The statement [Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] will not be accepted from a person unless he (or she) disbelieves in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah. Allaah [The Most High] stated that Prophet Ibraaheem [peace be upon him] said to his people:

إِنَّنِى بَرَآءٌ۬ مِّمَّا تَعۡبُدُونَ

إِلَّا ٱلَّذِى فَطَرَنِى

Verily, I am innocent of what you worship, except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah Alone) Who did create me. [Surah Az-Zukhruf. Verses 26-27]

End of series. May Allaah include us amongst those who fulfil all the conditions of the Shahaadah and overlook our sins and shortcomings Aameen.

Next topic: Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] is the Messenger of Allaah.


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 52. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

[14] Basics- [Revising and Revisiting the Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Qabool – Acceptance) Is the Seventh Condition of the Shahadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Al-Qabool – acceptance – is the seventh condition of the Shahada [Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] and it necessitates a negation of Ar-Radd – rejection. Allaah [The Most High] said:

إِنَّہُمۡ كَانُوٓاْ إِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمۡ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ يَسۡتَكۡبِرُونَ

وَيَقُولُونَ أَٮِٕنَّا لَتَارِكُوٓاْ ءَالِهَتِنَا لِشَاعِرٍ۬ مَّجۡنُونِۭ

Truly, when it was said to them, “There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah”,  they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said: “Are we going to abandon our deities for the sake of a mad poet? [Surah As-Saffaat. Verses 35-36]

So, Allaah mentioned that they refused to testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah. They refused to accept this statement, the pure monotheism it necessitates and to devote all the religion sincerely to Allaah alone.

Next topic: The eighth condition of the Shahaadah is Al-Kufru Bimaa Yu’badu Min Doonil laah – to disbelieve in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah.


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 52. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

 

[13] Basics – [Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Inqiyaad – Submission) Is The Sixth Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The sixth condition of the [Shahaadah (Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah) is Al-Inqiyaad (submission and compliance) which necessitates a negation of At-Tark (abandonment)].

Al-Inqiyaad is complete submission, compliance and fulfilment of Allaah’s commands. Laa ilaaha illal laah necessitates submission to Allaah – submission to Allaah’s divine revelation and obedience to Allaah’s commands. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَمَن يُسْلِمْ وَجْهَهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ

And whosoever submits his face (himself) to Allah [i.e.(follows Allah’s Religion of Islamic Monotheism), worships Allah (Alone) with sincere Faith in the (1) Oneness of His Lordship,(2) Oneness of His worship, and (3) Oneness of His Names and Qualities], while he is a Muhsin (good-doer i.e. performs good deeds totally for Allah’s sake without any show-off or to gain praise or fame etc. and does them in accordance with the Sunnah of Allah’s Messenger Muhammad), then he has grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold [Laa ilaha illal-laah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)]. [Surah Luqmaan. Verse 22]

Allaah [The Exalted] said:
وَأَنِيبُوا إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَأَسْلِمُوا لَهُ

And turn in repentance and in obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism) to your Lord and submit to Him, (in Islam). [Surah AZ-Zumar. Verse 54] – Meaning, submit yourselves and fulfil what you have been commanded.

Next topic: Al-Qabool [Acceptance is the seventh condition of the Shahaadah]


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 51. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

[12] Basics- [Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Mahabbah–Love) is The Fifth Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The fifth condition of the [Shahaadah: Laa ilaaha illal laah -There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] is Al-Mahabbah (Love) which necessitates a negation of hatred and displeasure. Therefore, the who says the Shahaadah must love Allaah, love Allah’s Messenger, love the religion of Islaam, love those who establish the commands of Allaah and show his displeaure towards those who oppose Laa ilaaha illal laah- those who nullify it through polytheism, disbelief in Allaah and Allaah’s Messenger. [NB: refer detail clarification regarding this love and hate in this link, so that we neither fall into the extremism of the terrorists nor the negligence of the sinful compromisers: https://salaficentre.com/2021/02/07/al-walaa-wal-baraa-loyalty-and-disavowal-is-a-concept-of-modern-salafi-islam-brief-rebuttal-against-this-absurd-claim-of-some-of-the-bald-faced-liars-amongst-the-demagogues-ideologues-and-rabble/ ] [ https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/ ] [ https://soundcloud.com/salafi-publications/lesson-15-dealing-with-non-muslim-parents-al-adab-al-mufrad-by-abu-khadeejah]

Allaah stated regarding the difference between the love of the disbelievers and the believers:

وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ أَندَادً۬ا يُحِبُّونَہُمۡ كَحُبِّ ٱللَّهِ‌ۖ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَشَدُّ حُبًّ۬ا لِّلَّهِ

And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else). [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 165]

The believers have a pure and sincere love for Allaah; but as for those who ascribe partners with Allaah, they have the same love for others which they have for Allaah, and because of this Allaah informed us that after entering the hell fire on the day of judgement, they will say:

تَٱللَّهِ إِن كُنَّا لَفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ
إِذۡ نُسَوِّيكُم بِرَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ

By Allah, we were truly in a manifest error, when We held you (false deities, objects of worship etc) as equals (in worship) with the Lord of the Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists). [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. 97-98]

So, [Laa ilaaha illal laah – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] benefits a person when it is founded on loving Allaah, having love for this great statement and what it demonstrates, such as singling Allaah out in worship, devoting all the religion sincerely to Allaah, loving those who adhere to this statement and the deeds related to it. And one of the tremendous supplications that have been reported from the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon] is that he used to say:

وأَسْأَلُكَ حُبَّكَ وَحُبَّ مَنْ يُحِبُّكَ وَحُبَّ عَمَلٍ يُقَرِّبُنِي إِلَى حُبِّكَ

I ask you for Your love and the love of those who love you, and love of the deeds that will bring me close to Your love. [As-Saheehah 3169 By Imaam Al-Albaanee (may Allaah have mercy upon him]

Anas Bin Maalik [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith: The one to whom Allaah and Messenger becomes dearer than anything else; to love a person and loves him (or her) only for Allaah’s sake, and hates to revert to disbelief as he (or she) hates to be thrown into the fire”. [Al-Bukhaari 16]

So there are three affairs in this hadeeth: A foundation, the deed that emanates manifests from the foundation and a negation of the thing that is in opposition to what is established. Love of Allaah is the foundation, loving what Allaah loves is the thing that manifests from the foundation and hating to revert back to disbelief after being saved from it necessitates a negation of that which opposes the foundation.

Next topic: Al-Inqiyaad [Complete submission and compliance is the sixth condition of the Shahaadah]


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 50-51. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

 

[11] Basics- [Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (As-Sidq – Truthfulness) is The Fourth Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestowe of Mercy.

As-Sidq [Truthfulness] is the fourth condition of the Shahaadah [Laa ilaaha Illal laah- there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] which necessitates a negation of Kadhib [Lying]; therefore, one must utter the Shahaadah truthfully from his heart. The Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “There is none who truthfully testifies from his heart that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah and that Muhammad is Allaah’s Messenger, except that Allaah will make the fire forbidden for him”. [Al-Bukhaari 128 and Muslim 32]

Therefore, the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] made truthfulness a condition in this statement, that what a person say with his tongue should be what is concealed in his heart. As for if he says it with his tongue, but does not believe in his heart regarding what it necessitates, then such a person is a Munaafiq [hypocrite]. This is why Allaah [Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections] said:

إذا جاءك المنافقون قالوا نشهد إنك لرسول الله والله يعلم إنك لرسوله والله يشهد إن المنافقين لكاذبون

When the hypocrites come to you (O Muhammad), they say: “We bear witness that you are indeed the Messenger of Allah.” Allah knows that you are indeed His Messenger and Allah bears witness that the hypocrites are liars indeed. [Surah Al-Munaafiqoon. Verse 1]

Meaning, they are liars with regards to that which they say with their tongues because it is not what they believe in their hearts. Therefore, whoever utters the Shahaadah with his tongue but does not believe in his heart what it necessitates, it will not be accepted by Allaah. [Ref 1]

Additional Benefit:

Allaah [The Exalted] said:

يَوۡمَ يُكۡشَفُ عَن سَاقٍ۬ وَيُدۡعَوۡنَ إِلَى ٱلسُّجُودِ فَلَا يَسۡتَطِيعُونَ
خَـٰشِعَةً أَبۡصَـٰرُهُمۡ تَرۡهَقُهُمۡ ذِلَّةٌ۬‌ۖ وَقَدۡ كَانُواْ يُدۡعَوۡنَ إِلَى ٱلسُّجُودِ وَهُمۡ سَـٰلِمُونَ

(Remember) the Day when the Shin shall be laid bare and they shall be called to prostrate (to Allah), but they (hypocrites) shall not be able to do so. Their eyes will be cast down, ignominy will cover them; they used to be called to prostrate (offer prayers), while they were healthy and good (in the life of the world, but they did not). [Surah Al-Qalam. Aayah 42-43]

When the Day of Resurrection takes place, anxiety, earthquakes and calamities appear and there will be no illusion regarding it, and the Creator comes to judge between the servants and recompense them, reveal His noble Shin which cannot be compared to anything, and the creation see something of Allaah Magnificence and Greatness that which cannot be described, then at that moment they will be called to prostrate to Allaah. The believers – those who used to prostrate to Allah willingly and by choice – will prostrate; then the wicked disbelievers and hypocrites will attempt to prostrate, but they will not be able to do so, rather their backs will be like horns of cattle- unable to bend. This is a recompense based on their deeds, because in the worldly life whilst they were in a state of wellbeing, they were called to prostrate to Allah, declare that Allah is the only true deity and worship Him alone, but they arrogantly turn away and refused. Therefore, do not ask about their state of affairs and evil destination on that day, because indeed Allah will be angry with them, the punishment will be justified against them and all their means to safety will be cut off from them, so neither will regret nor excuses benefit them on the Day of Resurrection. This should makes the heart tremble, prevents one from being disobedient and make an effort -as much as possible – to catch up with what one has missed. And due to this Allaah [The Exalted] said:

فَذَرۡنِى وَمَن يُكَذِّبُ بِہَـٰذَا ٱلۡحَدِيثِ‌ۖ سَنَسۡتَدۡرِجُهُم مِّنۡ حَيۡثُ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ
وَأُمۡلِى لَهُمۡ‌ۚ إِنَّ كَيۡدِى مَتِينٌ

Then leave Me Alone with such as belie this Qur’an. We shall punish them gradually from directions they perceive not. And I will grant them a respite. Verily, My Plan is strong. [Surah Al-Qalam. Aayaat 44-45] [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 50. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

[Ref 2: Tafseer As-Sadi]