[3] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeth Reported By Ibn Abbaas Regarding The Aayah: ‘Move Not Your Tongue Concerning (The Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to Make Haste Therewith’

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Sa’eed bin Jubair: Ibn ‘Abbaas in the explanation of the Statement of Allaah: ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith.’
[Surah Al-Qiyaamah’ Aayah 16] said, “Allaah’s Messenger used to bear the revelation with great stress and hardness, and used to move his lips (quickly with the Revelation) .” Ibn ‘Abbaas moved his lips saying, “I am moving my lips (in front of you) as Allah’s Messenger used to move his.” Sa’eed moved his lips saying: “I am moving my lips, as I have seen Ibn ‘Abbas moving his.” [Ibn ‘Abbaa added], “So Allaah revealed, ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and give you (O Muhammad the ability to recite it (the Qur’aan), [which means that Allaah will make him (the Prophet;) remember the portion of the Qur’an which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it]. The Statement of Allah: ‘And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad ; through JibrIl (Gabriel)] then follow you its (the Qur’an’s) recital’ (V.75:18) (means ‘listen to it and be silent’). ‘Then it is for Us (Allah) to make it clear to you’ (V.75:19) means then it is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning will be clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, Allah’s Messenger used to listen to Jibril whenever he came and after his departure he used to recite it as Jibril had recited it.
[Saheeh al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 5]

Some Masaa’il Related To This Hadeeth

[1] The revelation of the great Qur’aan

[2] The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified [all affairs related to] the great Qur’aan through recitation and reading, and he clarified it by explaining its meanings,  its application and how to act upon it. Allaah said:
And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to the people what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought.
[Surah An-Nahl’ Aayah 44]

[3] Jibreel [alayhis salaam] was the one [whom Allaah] entrusted with the responsibility to convey the revelation to the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]. Allaah described Jibreel saying:

 ”He [the Messenger – Muhammad] has been taught [this Qur’an] by one mighty in power [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Dhu Mirrah [free from any defect in body and mind], Fastawa [then he (Jibrael – Gabriel) rose and became stable].
[Surah An-Najm’ Aayaat 5-6][4] One has to move his tongue when reciting the Qur’aan.
[5] One of the etiquettes to be observed is that one should not busy himself [or herself]  with anything else when listening to the reading and recitation of the Qur’aan, and [also] even when its Aayaat are repeated.

[6] Allaah [The Most High] guaranteed that the noble Qur’aan will be protected [from all distortions till the end of time] and [also guaranteed that] all of it is preserved in the Messenger’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] heart.

Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 16 – 17. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]
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[2] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeth Reported By Aa’isha Regarding The Manner In Which The Prophet Used To Receive The Revelation]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Aa’isha [radiyallaahu anhaa] said: Al-Haarith bin Hisham asked Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]: “O Allaah’s Messenger! How is the Divine Revelation revealed to you?” Allaah’s Messenger  replied, “Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell, this form of Revelation is the hardest of all and then this state passes off after I have grasped what is revealed. Sometimes the angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says.” Aishah added: Verily I saw the Prophet being inspired [divinely] and [noticed] the sweat dropping from his forehead on a very cold day as the Revelation was over. [Al-Bukhaari’ Number’ Hadeeth Number 2]
Some Points Derived From This Hadeeth
1. The heaviness of the revelation on the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], and this is affirmed by one of the explanations of the Aayah [i.e. by the scholars of Tafseer]:

Verily, We shall send down to you a weighty Word.”

[Surah Al-Muzzammil’ Aayah 5]
2. The Sahaabah witnessed the [physical] state of the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] whilst the revelation was been sent down to him.
3. The statement of Aa’isha [radiyallaahu anhaa]: “Verily I saw the Prophet being inspired [divinely] and [noticed] the sweat dropping from his forehead on a very cold day”: [This shows that some of the] Qur’aan was revealed in winter and summer, as stated in a hadeeth [reported by Umar who said that the Messenger said to him]: O Umar! “Does this verse that is at the end of Surah An-Nisaa’, which was revealed in summer not suffice you? [i.e. regarding Al kalaalah – those who leave neither descendants nor ascendants as heirs] [Saheeh Muslim’ Number 567]
4. This hadeeth contains a refutation against the one [i.e. some of the orientalists, enemies of Islaam etc] who say that the revelation received by him [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] was as a result of epileptic fits, because the Sahaabah witnessed the [physical state of the Prophet] and did not see any of this [i.e. this false claim of these enemies of Islaam].
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Source: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 9-13. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

[1] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan -[Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeh Reported By Aa’isha Regarding How the Divine Revelation Started to Be Revealed to Allaah’s Messenger]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Aa’isha- the Mother of the faithful believers: The commencement of the (Divine) Revelation to Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] was in the form of good righteous (true) dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira’ where he used to worship (Allah Alone) continuously for many nights before returning to (or his desire to see) his family. He used to take with him- on the journey- food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadeejah [radiyallaahu-anhaa] to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira’. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet replied, “I do not know how to read.” The Prophet added, “Then the angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not know how to read (or what shall I read?)’. Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, ‘Read in the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists). Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.'” (V.96:1-3) Then Allah’s Messenger returned with the Revelation and with his heart beating severely.

Then he went to Khadeejah bint Khuwailid [radiyallaahu-anhaa] and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told Khadeejah everything that had happened (and said), “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadeejah replied, “Never! By Allaah, Allaah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” Khadeejah [radiyallaahu anhaa] then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqah bin Naufal bin Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza, who, during the Period of Ignorance became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allaah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadeejah said to Waraqah, “Listen to (the story of) your nephew, 0 my cousin!” Waraqah asked, “0 my nephew! What have you seen?” Allaah’s Messenger described whatever he had seen. Waraqah said, “This is the same one [who keeps the secrets i.e., angel Jibril (Gabriel)] whom Allah had sent to Moosaa (Moses). I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.” Allah’s Messenger asked, “Will they drive me out?” Waraqah replied in the affirmative and said, “Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day (when you will be turned out) then I would support you strongly.” But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Revelation was also paused for a while. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 3]

Few Beneficial Points Extracted From This Hadeeth

[1] The subject matter in this hadeeth is about the beginning of the revelation, which was sent down to the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam] in Ramadhaan.

[2] Surah Iqarah was the first part of the Qur’aan revealed to him.

[3] Jibreel [alayhis salaam] used to bring the revelation to him [sallal-laahu alayhi-wasallam]

[4] Truthfulness of the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] prior to being sent as a Messenger: Khadeejah said to him: ‘’Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.”

[5] The revelation that was sent down to the Prophets was well known to the scholars of the people of the scripture.

[6] How to understand this hadeeth together with the hadeeth reported by Jaabir [radiyallaahu anhu] in which it is mentioned that Surah Al-Mud-dath-thir was the first revealed surah: What is intended in the hadeeth reported by Jaabir [radiyallaahu anhu] is that Al-Mud-dath-thir was the first Surah sent down as a command to the Messenger to warn [against Shirk, disbelief, disobedience] and call [to Tawheed, Eemaan, Islaam]. And Surah Iqrah [was the first Surah revealed to inform him that] he has been given the station of a Prophet.

[7] One should give concern to the subject matter regarding knowledge of the revelation, and this is proven by Aa’isha’s dedication to the subject matter regarding how the revelation began.


Source: Al-Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee U’loomil Qur’aan…pages 5 – 8. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

A Faa’idah From Imaam Ash-Shawkaanee [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestowed of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] said:

وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ إِحْسَانًا ۖ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ كُرْهًا وَوَضَعَتْهُ كُرْهًا ۖ وَحَمْلُهُ وَفِصَالُهُ ثَلَاثُونَ شَهْرًا ۚ حَتَّىٰ إِذَا بَلَغَ أَشُدَّهُ وَبَلَغَ أَرْبَعِينَ سَنَةً قَالَ رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَصْلِحْ لِي فِي ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّي مِنَالْمُسْلِمِينَ 
And We have enjoined on man to be dutiful and kind to his parents. His mother bears him with hardship and she brings him forth with hardship, and the bearing of him, and the weaning of him is thirty (30) months, till when he attains full strength and reaches forty years, he says: “My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds, such as please You, and make my off-spring good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance, and truly, I am one of the Muslims (submitting to Your Will).”
Imaam Ash-Shawkaanee [rahimahullaah] said:
And in this Aayah [there is evidence to show that] indeed it is befitting for the one who has reached the age of forty to increase in making these supplications.
رَبِّ أَوْزِعْنِي أَنْ أَشْكُرَ نِعْمَتَكَ الَّتِي أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيَّ وَعَلَىٰ وَالِدَيَّ وَأَنْ أَعْمَلَ صَالِحًا تَرْضَاهُ وَأَصْلِحْ لِي فِي ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ إِنِّي تُبْتُ إِلَيْكَ وَإِنِّي مِنَالْمُسْلِمِينَ
My Lord! Grant me the power and ability that I may be grateful for Your Favour which You have bestowed upon me and upon my parents, and that I may do righteous good deeds, such as please You, and make my off-spring good. Truly, I have turned to You in repentance, and truly, I am one of the Muslims (submitting to Your Will).”
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Fat-hul Qadeer’ 5/22

Verify, Contemplate And Ask The Scholars Before Speaking, For Indeed Sometimes The Transmitters Harbour Evil Intentions Or Are Genuinely Mistaken! – A Brief Reminder By Shaikh Uthaymeen

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestowed of Mercy

Shaikh Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said:

Verification is one of the most important affairs, if not the most important. Verifying what is transmitted from others is an important affair, because sometimes the transmitters harbour evil intentions, so they transmit – intentionally and deliberately – that which will tarnish the reputation of the one they transmit from. And sometimes they do not harbour an evil intention, but they understand something in a manner that is opposite to what is intended by it.
Therefore, it is obligatory to verify. So, when the proof [sound source] of the transmission is established, then the one from whom the statement was transmitted is engaged in a discussion [or his statement is examined] before a judgement is passed to [establish] as to whether it is a mistake or not. That is because it may become clear to you – by way of discussion [or observation] – that the one from whom the statement was transmitted is correct.
And if not, then what is [well] known is that if a person were to immediately pass a judgement merely based on what he hears, he will transmit things [i.e. statements, views, opinions etc] from some of the scholars – those considered to be the beacons of [Sharee’ah] knowledge – that which the souls will dislike; but when one verifies, contemplates and attaches himself to the Shaikh [or has close contact with the Shaikh], he [i.e. the Shaikh] will make the affair clear for him.
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Sharh Hilyati Taalibil Ilm’ pages 75-76.
abridged & slightly paraphrased

Sit Down And Learn From The Scholars – [A Brief Reminder By Shaikh Rabee (hafidhahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

How can you not humble yourself in the presence of a scholar and sit on your knees in his presence with [good] etiquettes and take [knowledge from] him! We do not declare personalities to be free from shortcomings nor do we exaggerate their status, but we [deal with them based] on [good] etiquettes and honor [them]; and we acknowledge – in particular – the station of the scholars of the Sunnah, for indeed the scholars of bidah are not scholars [in reality].
The [true] scholars are those scholars who [possess sound understanding] of the Book of Allaah – the scholars of Tawheed and the [authentic] Sunnah. As long as they do not [hold and propagate] speech that is tantamount to [clear error or misrepresentation], excess and slanderous speech, as is the case with others, then we sit with this scholar and learn from him.
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Source: An Excerpt from ‘Majmoo Kutub Wa Rasaa’il Wa Fataawaa Fadheelatish Shaikh Al-Allaamah Rabee Bin Haadi Umayr Al-Mad’khalee 1/36. slightly paraphrased

A Type of Misdeed Committed By a Student of Knowledge Against Himself And Others – [A Brief Reminder By Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

If we saw a student of knowledge sitting in a gathering of jest, chitchatting and evil, then the [fact that] he has committed a misdeed against himself becomes a manifest and serious [affair]. And this [deed is also] an offence against knowledge and the people of knowledge, because [some other] people are likely to say: “These are students of knowledge and this is the end result of knowledge.” Therefore, he [i.e. the student who sits in a gathering of evil] has [in this case] committed a misdeed against himself and others.
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Source: Excerpt from Sharh Hilyati Taalibil Ilm’ page 68. slightly paraphrased

People Are Likely to Judge Us By Our Actions, Statements And Clothing – [A Brief Reminder By Shaikh Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestowed of Mercy

Every person is likely to be judged by the one he meets based on the clothes he is wearing, and likewise will judge him based on his actions, speech, statements, sense of humour and composure. Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah] said: “The people are like a flock of sandgrouse with an innate disposition that makes them imitate each other.”
This [statement of Shaikhul Islaam is] true, and that is why when a new type of clothing appears, you find the people rushing towards it. And it does not take long for all the people to seek after it [or accommodate it]. As for a Shaikhul Kabeer [i.e. a very old person] wearing the clothing of young people, this is among those affairs that are not befitting.

Sharh Hilyati Taalibil Ilm’ page 65 – 66
abridged & slightly paraphrased

O Allaah! Grant Us Tawfeeq So That What Is Unknown to The People About Us Becomes More Upright Than What They Know!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Shaikh Rabee Bin Haadi [hafidhahullaah] said:
Indeed, a believer may hide some of his deeds, whilst his inner self is more upright [i.e. the righteousness in his heart etc] than his outward deeds [i.e. the righteous deeds he or she does openly etc]
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Source: Marhaban Yaa Taalibal Ilm’  page 223