Tag: qur’an

If a person abandons what is of Benefit, he/she will be put to trial with what is harmful

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah) stated:

The Qur’aan has shown in a number of verses that one will be put to trial through preoccupying himself with what will harm him when he abandons what is of benefit, whilst having ability to reach that.  And he will be prevented from reaching the first affair (i.e. the benefit he abandoned in the first place). This is found in a number of verses that when the polytheists shunned the worship of Ar-Rahmaan [The Most Merciful (Allaah)], they were put to trial with the worship of images (idols)

And when they displayed haughtiness (with regards to not obediently submitting to the command of the Messengers) and claimed that the Messengers were (only) humans, they were put to trial through submitting to everything that made (their) intellect and Religion shaky.

And when Eemaan was clearly shown to them at the first instance and they recognized (it), but then abandoned it, Allaah (Glorified Be He) diverted, afflicted and sealed their hearts.  So, they did not believe until they perceived the painful punishment.

And after the straight path was clarified for them and they deviated from it by choice- approving the path of deviation in opposition to the path of guidance, they were punished.  Allaah deviated their hearts and caused them to be confounded in their path.

And when they belittled the signs of Allaah and His Messengers, Allaah belittled them with a humiliating punishment.

And when they displayed haughtiness (with regards to not submitting to the truth), Allaah humiliated them in this life and the next.

And when they forbade that Allaah’s Name be glorified and mentioned in the Mosques of Allaah and strive for their ruin, then it was not fitting after that they should enter it except in fear.

وَمِنْهُم مَّنْ عَاهَدَ اللَّهَ لَئِنْ آتَانَا مِن فَضْلِهِ لَنَصَّدَّقَنَّ وَلَنَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الصَّالِحِينَ

فَلَمَّا آتَاهُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ بَخِلُوا بِهِ وَتَوَلَّوا وَّهُم مُّعْرِضُونَ

فَأَعْقَبَهُمْ نِفَاقًا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ إِلَىٰ يَوْمِ يَلْقَوْنَهُ بِمَا أَخْلَفُوا اللَّهَ مَا وَعَدُوهُ وَبِمَا كَانُوا يَكْذِبُونَ

”And of them are some who made a covenant with Allaah (saying): ”If He bestowed on us of His Bounty, we will verily give Sadaqah (Zakat and voluntary charity in Allaah’s cause) and will be certainly among those who are righteous.  ”Then when He gave them of His Bounty, they became niggardly [refused to pay the Sadaqah (Zakat or voluntary charity)], and turned away, averse.  So He punished them by putting hypocrisy into their hearts till the Day whereon they shall meet him, because they broke that (covenant with Allaah) which they had promised to Him and because they used to tell lies’’ (9:75-77)

The verses (conveying) this meaning are numerous.  And in such (verses) is that the slave was close to being guided and made to traverse the straight path, but then he abandoned it after knowing it, and renounced it after having traversed upon it, so he is punished and has no right to guidance.  This is a recompense for his actions, as Allaah said about the Yahood:

وَلَمَّا جَاءَهُمْ رَسُولٌ مِّنْ عِندِ اللَّهِ مُصَدِّقٌ لِّمَا مَعَهُمْ نَبَذَ فَرِيقٌ مِّنَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ كِتَابَ اللَّهِ وَرَاءَ ظُهُورِهِمْ كَأَنَّهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

وَاتَّبَعُوا مَا تَتْلُو الشَّيَاطِينُ عَلَىٰ مُلْكِ سُلَيْمَانَ

”And when there came to them a Messenger from Allaah (i.e. Muhammad) confirming what was with them, a party of those who were given the Scripture threw away the Book of Allaah behind their backs as if they did not know!  They followed what the (devils) gave out (falsely of the magic) in the lifetime of Sulaymaan”.  2:101-102

They abandoned the most sublime, the most beneficial and the most truthful of the Books (i.e. the Qur’aan), so Allaah put them to test with following that which is the most debased, most untruthful, and most harmful.

Those who wage war against Allaah and His Messenger abandon spending their wealth in obedience to Allaah, and (instead) spend it in obedience to shaytaan.

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[Source: ”Al Qawaa-idul Hisaan Li-tafseer Al Qur’aan” of Imaam Abdur Rahmaan As-Sadi. Page: 96-97. Slightly paraphrased]

Clear Signs for those who reflect!

Allaah (The Most High) stated:

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَكُم مِّن تُرَابٍ ثُمَّ إِذَا أَنتُم بَشَرٌ تَنتَشِرُونَ

And among His Signs is this, that He created you (Adam) from dust, and then [Hawwa’ (Eve) from Adam’s rib, and then his offspring from the semen, and], – behold you are human beings scattered!

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَنْ خَلَقَ لَكُم مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ أَزْوَاجًا لِّتَسْكُنُوا إِلَيْهَا وَجَعَلَ بَيْنَكُم مَّوَدَّةً وَرَحْمَةً ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَتَفَكَّرُونَ

And among His Signs is this, that He created for you wives from among yourselves, that you may find repose in them, and He has put between you affection and mercy. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who reflect.

 

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ خَلْقُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَاخْتِلَافُ أَلْسِنَتِكُمْ وَأَلْوَانِكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّلْعَالِمِينَ

And among His Signs is the creation of the heavens and the earth, and the difference of your languages and colours. Verily, in that are indeed signs for men of sound knowledge.

 

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ مَنَامُكُم بِاللَّيْلِ وَالنَّهَارِ وَابْتِغَاؤُكُم مِّن فَضْلِهِ ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَسْمَعُونَ

And among His Signs is the sleep that you take by night and by day, and your seeking of His Bounty. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who listen.

 

 

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ يُرِيكُمُ الْبَرْقَ خَوْفًا وَطَمَعًا وَيُنَزِّلُ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَيُحْيِي بِهِ الْأَرْضَ بَعْدَ مَوْتِهَا ۚ إِنَّ فِي ذَٰلِكَ لَآيَاتٍ لِّقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ

And among His Signs is that He shows you the lightning, by way of fear and hope, and He sends down water (rain) from the sky, and therewith revives the earth after its death. Verily, in that are indeed signs for a people who understand.

 

وَمِنْ آيَاتِهِ أَن تَقُومَ السَّمَاءُ وَالْأَرْضُ بِأَمْرِهِ ۚ ثُمَّ إِذَا دَعَاكُمْ دَعْوَةً مِّنَ الْأَرْضِ إِذَا أَنتُمْ تَخْرُجُونَ

And among His Signs is that the heaven and the earth stand by His Command, then afterwards when He will call you by single call, behold, you will come out from the earth (i.e from your graves for reckoning and recompense).

 

وَلَهُ مَن فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۖ كُلٌّ لَّهُ قَانِتُونَ

To Him belongs whatever is in the heavens and the earth. All are obedient to Him.

 

وَهُوَ الَّذِي يَبْدَأُ الْخَلْقَ ثُمَّ يُعِيدُهُ وَهُوَ أَهْوَنُ عَلَيْهِ ۚ وَلَهُ الْمَثَلُ الْأَعْلَىٰ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ ۚ وَهُوَ الْعَزِيزُ الْحَكِيمُ

And He it is Who originates the creation, then will repeat it (after it has been perished), and this is easier for Him. His is the highest description (i.e. none has the right to be worshipped but He, and there is nothing comparable unto Him) in the heavens and in the earth. And He is the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.

 

 

ضَرَبَ لَكُم مَّثَلًا مِّنْ أَنفُسِكُمْ ۖ هَل لَّكُم مِّن مَّا مَلَكَتْ أَيْمَانُكُم مِّن شُرَكَاءَ فِي مَا رَزَقْنَاكُمْ فَأَنتُمْ فِيهِ سَوَاءٌ تَخَافُونَهُمْ كَخِيفَتِكُمْ أَنفُسَكُمْ ۚ كَذَٰلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ الْآيَاتِ لِقَوْمٍ يَعْقِلُونَ

He sets forth for you a parable from your ownselves, – Do you have partners among those whom your right hands possess (i.e your slaves) to share as equals in the wealth We have bestowed on you? Whom you fear as you fear each other? Thus do We explain the signs in detail to a people who have sense.

 

 

بَلِ اتَّبَعَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَهْوَاءَهُم بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ ۖ فَمَن يَهْدِي مَنْ أَضَلَّ اللَّهُ ۖ وَمَا لَهُم مِّن نَّاصِرِينَ

Nay, but those who do wrong follow their own lusts without knowledge, Then who will guide him whom Allah has sent astray? And for such there will be no helpers.

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[Soorah Ar-Rum: Aayaat 20-29]

Pharaoh and his bunch of [sinful rebellious] idiots

Allaah  (The Most High) said: [وَقَالَ فِرْعَوْنُ] ”Fir’aun (Pharaoh) said’’ with haughtiness and tyranny, whilst deluding his foolish people; [ذَرُونِي أَقْتُلْ مُوسَىٰ وَلْيَدْعُ رَبَّهُ ] ‘’Leave me to kill Musa (Moses), and let him call his Lord (to stop me from killing him)!’’ [Soorah Ghafir: Ayah 26]

It was his claim that had it not been for his consideration of the wishes of his people, he would have killed Musa, and (Musa’s) supplication to his Lord would not have prevented him from that. He then mentioned what made him want to kill Musa and that he is a sincere adviser to his people, and that he wished to remove mischief from the land.  Allaah (The Most High) said that he said:

[إِنِّي أَخَافُ أَنْ يُبَدِّلَ دِينَكُمْ أَوْ أَنْ يُظْهِرَ فِي الْأَرْضِ الْفَسَادَ] ‘’I fear that he (Musa) may change your religion, or that he may cause mischief to appear in the land!” [Soorah Ghaafir: Ayah 26]

This is the most amazing the affair can be! The evilest one among the creation gives advice to the people against the best among the creation. This is disguised falsehood and propaganda, which cannot seize except the intellects of those (people) about whom Allaah stated: [فَاسْتَخَفَّ قَوْمَهُ فَأَطَاعُوهُ ۚ إِنَّهُمْ كَانُوا قَوْمًا فَاسِقِينَ] ”Thus he [Fir’aun (Pharaoh)] befooled and misled his people, and they obeyed him. Verily, they were ever a people who were Fasiqun (rebellious, disobedient to Allah).’’[Soorah Az-Zukhruf: Ayah 54]

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[Source: Abridged. See: Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan of Imaam as-Saa’di (rahimahullaah)

[قَالَ لَهُ ۥ مُوسَىٰٓ إِنَّكَ لَغَوِىٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬ ] ”Musa said to him: Verily, you are a plain misleader!”

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَدَخَلَ ٱلۡمَدِينَةَ عَلَىٰ حِينِ غَفۡلَةٍ۬ مِّنۡ أَهۡلِهَا فَوَجَدَ فِيہَا رَجُلَيۡنِ يَقۡتَتِلَانِ هَـٰذَا مِن شِيعَتِهِۦ وَهَـٰذَا مِنۡ عَدُوِّهِۦ‌ۖ فَٱسۡتَغَـٰثَهُ ٱلَّذِى مِن شِيعَتِهِۦ عَلَى ٱلَّذِى مِنۡ عَدُوِّهِۦ فَوَكَزَهُ ۥ مُوسَىٰ فَقَضَىٰ عَلَيۡهِ‌ۖ قَالَ هَـٰذَا مِنۡ عَمَلِ ٱلشَّيۡطَـٰنِ‌ۖ إِنَّهُ ۥ عَدُوٌّ۬ مُّضِلٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬

قَالَ رَبِّ إِنِّى ظَلَمۡتُ نَفۡسِى فَٱغۡفِرۡ لِى فَغَفَرَ لَهُ ۥۤ‌ۚ إِنَّهُ ۥ هُوَ ٱلۡغَفُورُ ٱلرَّحِيمُ

قَالَ رَبِّ بِمَآ أَنۡعَمۡتَ عَلَىَّ فَلَنۡ أَكُونَ ظَهِيرً۬ا لِّلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ

فَأَصۡبَحَ فِى ٱلۡمَدِينَةِ خَآٮِٕفً۬ا يَتَرَقَّبُ فَإِذَا ٱلَّذِى ٱسۡتَنصَرَهُ ۥ بِٱلۡأَمۡسِ يَسۡتَصۡرِخُهُ ۥ‌ۚ قَالَ لَهُ ۥ مُوسَىٰٓ إِنَّكَ لَغَوِىٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ۬

And he (Musa) entered the city at a time of unawareness of its people, and he found there two men fighting, – one of his party (his religion – from the Children of Israel), and the other of his foes. The man of his (own) party asked him for help against his foe, so Musa (Moses) struck him with his fist and killed him. He said: “This is of Shaitan‘s (Satan) doing, verily, he is a plain misleading enemy.”

He said: “My Lord! Verily, I have wronged myself, so forgive me.” Then He forgave him. Verily, He is the Oft-Forgiving, the Most Merciful.

He said: “My Lord! For that with which You have favoured me, I will never more be a helper for the Mujrimun (criminals, disobedient to Allah, polytheists, sinners, etc.)!”

So he became afraid, looking about in the city (waiting as to what will be the result of his crime of killing), when behold, the man who had sought his help the day before, called for his help (again). Musa (Moses) said to him: “Verily, you are a plain misleader!” [1]

 

Imaam Ibnul Jawzi (rahimahullaah) said that one of the meanings of this statement [إِنَّكَ لَغَوِىٌّ۬ مُّبِينٌ] ”Verily, you are a plain misleader” is: You are misled in fighting a person whom you are unable to repel his evil from yourself. [2]

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[1] Surah Al-Qasas. Aayaat 15-18

[2] Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilmil Tafseer

These are the Verses of the Clear Book. Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand

 Allaah (The Most High) said:

الٓر‌ۚ تِلۡكَ ءَايَـٰتُ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ ٱلۡمُبِينِ

إِنَّآ أَنزَلۡنَـٰهُ قُرۡءَٲنًا عَرَبِيًّ۬ا لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُونَ

Alif-Lam-Ra.These are the Verses of the Clear Book. Verily, We have sent it down as an Arabic Qur’an in order that you may understand. [12:1-2]

Allaah (The Most high) informed (us) that the verses of the Qur’aan are clear; meaning: Its wordings and meanings are manifest and clear. And from its manifest and clear (nature) is that it has been sent down in the Arabic Language—the noblest and most (precise and eloquent of all languages in giving clarification, explanation etc). And all this clarity and explanation is so that لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُون — ‘’You may understand’’; meaning: so that you may understand its prescribed boundaries (in punishments, retribution, acts of worship, dealings etc); its fundamental principles; its subsidiary issues; its commandments and prohibitions. So when you understand it (after studying, contemplating etc) and your hearts become characterized with its understanding, then that will produce the fruits of actions of the limbs and submission to it. And لَّعَلَّكُمۡ تَعۡقِلُون – ‘’In order that you may understand’’; meaning: Your intellects are enhanced by way of affirming the noble and lofty meaning (of affairs) in your minds; so you move from one state to another loftier and more perfect state. [1]

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[1] [Slightly paraphrased. See ‘Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan’ of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)

 

(This is) a Book, the Verses whereof are perfected (in every sphere of knowledge, etc.)

Allaah (The Most High) said:

الٓر‌ۚ كِتَـٰبٌ أُحۡكِمَتۡ ءَايَـٰتُهُ ۥ ثُمَّ فُصِّلَتۡ مِن لَّدُنۡ حَكِيمٍ خَبِيرٍ

Alif-Lam-Ra. (This is) a Book, the Verses whereof are perfected (in every sphere of knowledge, etc.), and then explained in detail from One (Allah), Who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted (with all things). [1]

Allaah (The Most High) said: This is a great Book and a noble revelation. [أُحۡكِمَتۡ ءَايَـٰتُهُ– the Verses whereof are perfected]; meaning: (Absolutely) perfect and excellent. Its information is (absolutely) truthful and its commandments and prohibitions are (absolutely) just. Its wordings are (absolutely) eloquent and its meanings are (absolutely) magnificent. [ثُمَّ فُصِّلَتۡ– And then explained in detail]; meaning: Distinguished (i.e. for its absolute excellence, truthfulness, perfection, infallibility etc) and explained with the loftiest of explanations. [مِن لَّدُنۡ حَكِيمٍ خَبِير— From One (Allah), Who is All-Wise and Well-Acquainted (with all things)]. He (Allaah) imposes all things (or all affairs) in their rightful places and positions them in their rightful positions. He neither commands nor prohibits except in accordance with His (absolute perfect) Wisdom. [خَبِير]- ‘Well-Acquainted’ with all apparent and hidden things.

And when it is the case that it’s (i.e. the verses of the Qur’aan) perfection and detailed explanation is from Allaah, The All-Wise and Well Acquainted (with all hidden and apparent things), then no question should be asked about its greatness and loftiness, and about it being gathered upon perfect wisdom and vast mercy. [2]

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[1] Noble Qur’aan Shaikh Taqiyudeen Al-Hilaali and Dr Muhsin Khan

[2] [Slightly paraphrased…see: Tayseer Al-Kareem ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan’ of Imaam Sadi

Live Talk – How to Save Yourselves & Family from the Hellfire – Abu Idrees Muhammad

Masjid al Furqan (Tunstall)

How to save yourselves and your families from the Trials of the Dunya

Saturday 25th Jan 2014 @ 7pm

Straight after Salaatul Esha

Lecturer: Abu Idrees
(Madinah University graduate)

Brothers & Sisters All Welcome
Broadcast on sunnahradio.net

save-yourselves-and-families

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