بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

An excerpt from Imam Sadi’s Sharh of the hadeeth:

“اتقوا الظلم فإن الظلم ظلمات يوم “القيامة

Fear oppression, for indeed oppression is darkness on yawmul qiyaamah.
Agreed upon
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The shaykh says at the end of his sharh that there are three types of oppression:

1, A type that Allah does not forgive, and it is associating partners with Allah

“Indeed Allah does not forgive those who associate partners with him” An-Nisa; Verse 48

2. A type of oppression that Allah does not leave anything from it; and it is the oppression of the slaves one to another. So from the perfection of Allah’s justice is that he will punish the creation, in accordance to their oppressing each other.

3. A type of oppression which is under the will of Allah; if Allah wills he will punish him, and if he wills he will forgive its people, and (this oppression) is the sins which are between the slaves and his Lord, regarding that which is lesser than shirk.

From imam sadi’s book:

شرح جوامع الأخبار

Pages 44-45