[7] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [The Last Soorah That Was Revealed In Full]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Ubaydullaah bin Abdullaah bin Utbah said: “Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu anhumaa] said to me: ‘Do you know the last Soorah of the Qur’aan to be revealed in full?’ I said: ‘Yes’; “When there comes the Help of Allaah and the Conquest.”[Surah An-Nasr]. He said: ‘You are right.'” And in another narration, [Ibn Abbaas said]: “Do you know which Soorah,” but did not say “the last Soorah.”
[Saheeh Muslim 3034]

Few Masaa’il From This Hadeeth

[1] Knowledge about revelation of the last sections [or parts] of the Qur’aan.

[2] Knowledge about that which was revealed completely as one Soorah.

[3] Knowledge about a particular Soorah.

[4] Ibn Abbaas’s [radiyallaahu humaa] knowledge regarding the noble Qur’aan.

[5] With regards to revelation of the Qur’aan, some was revealed between three and seven Aayaat, some in a number of Aayaat, and some revealed completely such as Surah An-Nasr.

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Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 104 -105. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

 

[6]Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan: An Aayah In Soorah An-Nisaa That Brought Tears to The Eyes of The Noble Messenger (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam)

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Abdullaah bin Mas’ood [radiyallaahu anhu] narrated: The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said to me, “Recite [the Qur’aan] to me.” I said, “O Allaah’s Messenger! Shall I recite [the Qur’aan] to you while it has been revealed to you?” He said, “Yes.” So I recited Soorah An-Nisaa’, till I reached the Aayah: “How (will it be) then, when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these people?” [Aayah 41] He said, “Enough for the present.” I looked at him and behold! His eyes were overflowing with tears.
Saheeh Al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 5050

Few Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[1] To listen to the recitation of the Great Qur’aan.

[2] [Permissible] for the one listening to the Qur’aan to say to the reciter, “Enough for the present.”

[3] The virtue of Abdullaah Bin Mas’ood [radiyallaahu anhu].

[4] To know a [specific] Aayah of the Qur’aan.

[5] The name given to the Surah – Surah An-Nisaa.

[6] To know the names of the Suwar [i.e. names of the different chapters of the Qur’aan]

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Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 83 – 84. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

[5] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan: [Fawaa’id From a Hadeeth Narrated By Safwaan Bin Ya’laa]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Safwaan bin Ya’laa bin Umayyah that his father said, “A man came to the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] while he was at Ji’raana. The man was wearing a cloak which had traces of khalooq of Sufra [a kind of perfume]. The man asked [the Prophet], ‘What do you order me to perform in my ‘Umrah?’ So, Allaah sent down revelation to the Prophet and he was screened by a piece of cloth. I wished to see the Prophet being divinely inspired. ‘Umar said to me, ‘Come! Will you be pleased to look at the Prophet while Allaah is inspiring him?’ I replied in the affirmative. ‘Umar lifted one corner of the cloth and I looked at the Prophet, [له غطيط – i.e. they heard a noise -from the Prophet-that was similar to that of a person snoring in his sleep]. When that state was over, the Prophet asked, “Where is the questioner who asked about ‘Umrah? Put off your cloak and wash away the traces of khalooq from your body and clean the Sufra [yellow colour] and perform in your ‘Umrah what you perform in your Hail [i.e., the Tawaaf round the Ka’bah and the Sa’ee (going) between As-Safaa and Al-Marwa].”

[Bukhaari Number 1789]

 

[4] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [A Hadeeth Narrated By Jundub Bin Sufyaan Regarding The Revelation of Aayaat 1 – 3′ Surah Ad-Duhaa]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Jundub bin Sufyan [radiyallaahu anhu]: Once Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayi wasallam] became sick and could not offer his night prayer (i.e.Tahajjud prayers) for two or three nights. Then a lady [the wife of Abu Lahab] came and said, “O Muhammad! I think that your satan has forsaken you, for I have not seen him with you for two or three nights!” On that Allaah revealed: “By the forenoon [after sunrise]; and by the night when it darkens [and stands still]; your Lord [O Muhammad] has neither forsaken you nor hates you.” [Surah Ad-Duhaa’ Aayaat 1-3]

Al-Bukhaari [rahimahullaah] said, “Chapter: The Statement of Allaah: “Your Lord [O Muhammad] has neither forsaken you nor hates you.” [The Arabic word that is translated as ‘has forsaken you’ can be read in two ways: with emphasis [i.e. Wadda’aka] or without emphasis [i.e. Wada ‘aka]. The meaning of both is the same, [(your Lord) has (not) forsaken you]. Ibn ‘Abbas said: The Verse means: ‘He has not forsaken you, nor does He hate you.” [Bukhaari Hadeeth Number 4950]

Some Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[1] The revelation of the Qur’aan.

[2] The revelation used to stop for some time.

[3] The subject matter regarding the revelation of the Qur’aan was well known to the people.

[4] Asbaab An-Nuzool – revelation [of parts] of the Qur’aan to give a clarification [or explanation] due to a question that was asked or an event that took place.

[5] In the Qur’aan, there is that which was revealed due to [specific reasons circumstances] and that which was revealed from the beginning without a specific reason.

[6] The application of a verse [or verses] is not limited to the specific [reason or circumstances] for which it was revealed, rather it is applicable to other similar reasons and circumstances [i.e. its relevance and application to those other similar reasons and circumstances is indentified, clarified and explained by the upright and qualified scholars of Tafseer].

[7] Surah Ad-Duhaa is a Makkan Surah [i.e. revealed in Makkah] and was revealed before the Hijrah [i.e. before the Messenger (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam) migrated to Madeenah)].

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Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 26-27. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

Slightly paraphrased

 

 

[3] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeth Reported By Ibn Abbaas Regarding The Aayah: ‘Move Not Your Tongue Concerning (The Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to Make Haste Therewith’

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Sa’eed bin Jubair: Ibn ‘Abbaas in the explanation of the Statement of Allaah: ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith.’
[Surah Al-Qiyaamah’ Aayah 16] said, “Allaah’s Messenger used to bear the revelation with great stress and hardness, and used to move his lips (quickly with the Revelation) .” Ibn ‘Abbaas moved his lips saying, “I am moving my lips (in front of you) as Allah’s Messenger used to move his.” Sa’eed moved his lips saying: “I am moving my lips, as I have seen Ibn ‘Abbas moving his.” [Ibn ‘Abbaa added], “So Allaah revealed, ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and give you (O Muhammad the ability to recite it (the Qur’aan), [which means that Allaah will make him (the Prophet;) remember the portion of the Qur’an which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it]. The Statement of Allah: ‘And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad ; through JibrIl (Gabriel)] then follow you its (the Qur’an’s) recital’ (V.75:18) (means ‘listen to it and be silent’). ‘Then it is for Us (Allah) to make it clear to you’ (V.75:19) means then it is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning will be clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, Allah’s Messenger used to listen to Jibril whenever he came and after his departure he used to recite it as Jibril had recited it.
[Saheeh al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 5]

Some Masaa’il Related To This Hadeeth

[1] The revelation of the great Qur’aan

[2] The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified [all affairs related to] the great Qur’aan through recitation and reading, and he clarified it by explaining its meanings,  its application and how to act upon it. Allaah said:
And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to the people what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought.
[Surah An-Nahl’ Aayah 44]

[3] Jibreel [alayhis salaam] was the one [whom Allaah] entrusted with the responsibility to convey the revelation to the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]. Allaah described Jibreel saying:

 ”He [the Messenger – Muhammad] has been taught [this Qur’an] by one mighty in power [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Dhu Mirrah [free from any defect in body and mind], Fastawa [then he (Jibrael – Gabriel) rose and became stable].
[Surah An-Najm’ Aayaat 5-6][4] One has to move his tongue when reciting the Qur’aan.
[5] One of the etiquettes to be observed is that one should not busy himself [or herself]  with anything else when listening to the reading and recitation of the Qur’aan, and [also] even when its Aayaat are repeated.

[6] Allaah [The Most High] guaranteed that the noble Qur’aan will be protected [from all distortions till the end of time] and [also guaranteed that] all of it is preserved in the Messenger’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] heart.

Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 16 – 17. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]
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[2] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeth Reported By Aa’isha Regarding The Manner In Which The Prophet Used To Receive The Revelation]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
Aa’isha [radiyallaahu anhaa] said: Al-Haarith bin Hisham asked Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]: “O Allaah’s Messenger! How is the Divine Revelation revealed to you?” Allaah’s Messenger  replied, “Sometimes it is (revealed) like the ringing of a bell, this form of Revelation is the hardest of all and then this state passes off after I have grasped what is revealed. Sometimes the angel comes in the form of a man and talks to me and I grasp whatever he says.” Aishah added: Verily I saw the Prophet being inspired [divinely] and [noticed] the sweat dropping from his forehead on a very cold day as the Revelation was over. [Al-Bukhaari’ Number’ Hadeeth Number 2]
Some Points Derived From This Hadeeth
1. The heaviness of the revelation on the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], and this is affirmed by one of the explanations of the Aayah [i.e. by the scholars of Tafseer]:

Verily, We shall send down to you a weighty Word.”

[Surah Al-Muzzammil’ Aayah 5]
2. The Sahaabah witnessed the [physical] state of the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] whilst the revelation was been sent down to him.
3. The statement of Aa’isha [radiyallaahu anhaa]: “Verily I saw the Prophet being inspired [divinely] and [noticed] the sweat dropping from his forehead on a very cold day”: [This shows that some of the] Qur’aan was revealed in winter and summer, as stated in a hadeeth [reported by Umar who said that the Messenger said to him]: O Umar! “Does this verse that is at the end of Surah An-Nisaa’, which was revealed in summer not suffice you? [i.e. regarding Al kalaalah – those who leave neither descendants nor ascendants as heirs] [Saheeh Muslim’ Number 567]
4. This hadeeth contains a refutation against the one [i.e. some of the orientalists, enemies of Islaam etc] who say that the revelation received by him [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] was as a result of epileptic fits, because the Sahaabah witnessed the [physical state of the Prophet] and did not see any of this [i.e. this false claim of these enemies of Islaam].
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Source: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 9-13. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

[1] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan -[Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeh Reported By Aa’isha Regarding How the Divine Revelation Started to Be Revealed to Allaah’s Messenger]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Aa’isha- the Mother of the faithful believers: The commencement of the (Divine) Revelation to Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] was in the form of good righteous (true) dreams which came true like bright daylight, and then the love of seclusion was bestowed upon him. He used to go in seclusion in the cave of Hira’ where he used to worship (Allah Alone) continuously for many nights before returning to (or his desire to see) his family. He used to take with him- on the journey- food for the stay and then come back to (his wife) Khadeejah [radiyallaahu-anhaa] to take his food likewise again till suddenly the Truth descended upon him while he was in the cave of Hira’. The angel came to him and asked him to read. The Prophet replied, “I do not know how to read.” The Prophet added, “Then the angel caught me (forcefully) and pressed me so hard that I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read and I replied, ‘I do not know how to read.’ Thereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it any more. He then released me and again asked me to read but again I replied, ‘I do not know how to read (or what shall I read?)’. Thereupon he caught me for the third time and pressed me, and then released me and said, ‘Read in the Name of your Lord, Who has created (all that exists). Has created man from a clot (a piece of thick coagulated blood). Read! And your Lord is the Most Generous.'” (V.96:1-3) Then Allah’s Messenger returned with the Revelation and with his heart beating severely.

Then he went to Khadeejah bint Khuwailid [radiyallaahu-anhaa] and said, “Cover me! Cover me!” They covered him till his fear was over and after that he told Khadeejah everything that had happened (and said), “I fear that something may happen to me.” Khadeejah replied, “Never! By Allaah, Allaah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.” Khadeejah [radiyallaahu anhaa] then accompanied him to her cousin Waraqah bin Naufal bin Asad bin ‘Abdul ‘Uzza, who, during the Period of Ignorance became a Christian and used to write the writing with Hebrew letters. He would write from the Gospel in Hebrew as much as Allaah wished him to write. He was an old man and had lost his eyesight. Khadeejah said to Waraqah, “Listen to (the story of) your nephew, 0 my cousin!” Waraqah asked, “0 my nephew! What have you seen?” Allaah’s Messenger described whatever he had seen. Waraqah said, “This is the same one [who keeps the secrets i.e., angel Jibril (Gabriel)] whom Allah had sent to Moosaa (Moses). I wish I were young and could live up to the time when your people would turn you out.” Allah’s Messenger asked, “Will they drive me out?” Waraqah replied in the affirmative and said, “Anyone (man) who came with something similar to what you have brought was treated with hostility; and if I should remain alive till the day (when you will be turned out) then I would support you strongly.” But after a few days Waraqa died and the Divine Revelation was also paused for a while. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 3]

Few Beneficial Points Extracted From This Hadeeth

[1] The subject matter in this hadeeth is about the beginning of the revelation, which was sent down to the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi wasallam] in Ramadhaan.

[2] Surah Iqarah was the first part of the Qur’aan revealed to him.

[3] Jibreel [alayhis salaam] used to bring the revelation to him [sallal-laahu alayhi-wasallam]

[4] Truthfulness of the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] prior to being sent as a Messenger: Khadeejah said to him: ‘’Never! By Allah, Allah will never disgrace you. You keep good relations with your kith and kin, help the poor and the destitute, serve your guests generously and assist the deserving calamity-afflicted ones.”

[5] The revelation that was sent down to the Prophets was well known to the scholars of the people of the scripture.

[6] How to understand this hadeeth together with the hadeeth reported by Jaabir [radiyallaahu anhu] in which it is mentioned that Surah Al-Mud-dath-thir was the first revealed surah: What is intended in the hadeeth reported by Jaabir [radiyallaahu anhu] is that Al-Mud-dath-thir was the first Surah sent down as a command to the Messenger to warn [against Shirk, disbelief, disobedience] and call [to Tawheed, Eemaan, Islaam]. And Surah Iqrah [was the first Surah revealed to inform him that] he has been given the station of a Prophet.

[7] One should give concern to the subject matter regarding knowledge of the revelation, and this is proven by Aa’isha’s dedication to the subject matter regarding how the revelation began.


Source: Al-Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee U’loomil Qur’aan…pages 5 – 8. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]. slightly paraphrased

One of Reasons The People of Tawheed Are Honoured By Allaah – [A Brief Reminder By Shaikh Rabee (Hafidhahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy
But honour, power and glory belong to Allaah, His Messenger [Muhammad)], and to the believers.
[Surah Al-Munaafiqoon’ Aayah 8]
Honour, power and glory belongs to Allaah, and then to the people of Tawheed [i.e. the honour and aid Allaah bestows on them], because they neither humble themselves nor bow except to Allaah [alone]. They do not fear [anyone]; neither do they place their hope [in anything] nor do they have a fervent desire except for the reward of The Most Great, The Compeller, in whose Hand is the dominion, the Owner of everthing and the One who has grasped everything by its forelock [i.e. everything is under His absolute control, dominion and authority] – Glorified and Exalted be He [i.e. Allaah].
Therefore, it is obligated on a Muslim to have great fear when he mentions Allaah and when he fulfils any act of worship, so that he finds himself in that station of Ihsaan described by the Messenger [alayhis salaatu wassalaam], which is ‘to worship Allaah as if you see Him, and even though you cannot see Him, you know that He sees you.”

A Faa’idah Related to Aayah Ninety ‘Surah An-Nahl’ -[By Sh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh (hafifhahullaah)]

Verily, Allah enjoins Al-Adl (i.e. justice and worshipping none but Allah Alone – Islamic Monotheism) and Al-Ihsan [i.e. to be patient in performing your duties to Allah, totally for Allah’s sake and in accordance with the Sunnah (legal ways) of the Prophet in a perfect manner], and giving (help) to kith and kin (i.e. all that Allah has ordered you to give them e.g., wealth, visiting, looking after them, or any other kind of help, etc.): and forbids Al-Fahsha’ (i.e all evil deeds, e.g. illegal sexual acts, disobedience of parents, polytheism, to tell lies, to give false witness, to kill a life without right, etc.), and Al-Munkar (i.e all that is prohibited by Islamic law: polytheism of every kind, disbelief and every kind of evil deeds, etc.), and Al-Baghy (i.e. all kinds of oppression), He admonishes you, that you may take heed.


When The Prophet Asked Ubay, ” Which Aayah In The Qur’aan Is The Greatest?” The Response He Gave Shows Us The Lofty Station of Tawheed In The Hearts of The Sahaabah – [By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (Hafidhahullaah)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

The Messenger of Allah said to Abay, “O Abu Mundhir! Do you know which verse from the Book of Allah – [you have memorised] – is the greatest?” He [Ubay] said, “Allaah and His Messenger know best.” The Prophet [repeated and] said, “O Abu Mundhir [Ubay]! Do you know which verse from the Book of Allaah – [you have memorised] – is the greatest?”. He [Ubay] said, “Allāhu laa ilāha illa huwal-Hayyul-Qayyoom [Aayatul-Kursi]. He [Ubay] said, “He [The Prophet] then struck me on my chest and said “By Allah, may you be blessed in your knowledge O Aba Mundhir.” [Muslim, hadith no.810]

Firstly: Ponder upon the question Ubay [radiyallaahu anhu] was asked!

He [radiyallaahu anhu] was a haafidh of the Qur’aan and was called the leader of the reciters. The Aayaat of the Qur’aan exceed six thousand in number, so when the Prophet asked him which Aayaah of the Qur’aan is the greatest, he extracted it from that [huge] number. He did not extract it from ten, a hundred or two hundred Aayaat, rather he extracted it from over six thousand Aayaat.

Secondly: Ponder upon the fact also that Ubay answered the question immediately. It did not take him a week, two weeks, a month or two, rather he answered immediately. When the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] asked him at first, he said, “Allaah and his Messenger know best.” But when the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] repeated the question, he knew that the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] permitted him to strive and find the answer, so he replied.

Thirdly: Also ponder upon how fast Ubay [radiyallaahu anhu] answered, which shows us the great station of Tawheed in the hearts of the Sahaabah and that Tawheed is the greatest subject matter in the Qur’aan. That is because when Ubay [radiyallaahu anhu] was asked he did not quote an Aayah regarding rulings on other matters nor an Aayaah regarding the story of the nations of the past, nor an Aayah regarding the events on the Day of Judgement, nor Aayaat regarding manners, rather the first thing that came to his mind was Tawheed.

http://al-badr.net/sub/29