Do Not Follow That Which You Have No Knowledge – By Imaam Ibnul Jawzi [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

And follow not that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those you will be questioned [by Allah].
[Surah Al-Israa’ Aayah 36]

Meaning:

-Do not accuse anyone of something you have no knowledge of.
-Do not say that you have seen, whilst you haven’t seen.
-Do not say that you have heard, whilst you haven’t heard.
-Do not give false testimony.

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Zaadul Maseer Fee Ilm At-tafseer’ by Imaam Ibnul Jawzi [rahimahullaah]

How to Attain Contentment- By Shaikh Muhammad Bin Abdillaah As-Subayyil [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Question:

The questioner asks: How can a person attain contentment with what Allaah has provided for him (or her)?

Answer:
Among those specific (manners) that will enable a person to be contented with what Allaah portioned out for him (or her) is to have Ridaa (i.e. to be pleased with Allaah’s decree and submit to it without any resistance or displeasure) with the livelihood Allaah has portioned out for him (or her). Allaah (Glorified be He and free is He from all imperfections) stated:

نَحْنُ قَسَمْنَا بَيْنَهُم مَّعِيشَتَهُمْ فِي الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا ۚ وَرَفَعْنَا بَعْضَهُمْ فَوْقَ بَعْضٍ دَرَجَاتٍ لِّيَتَّخِذَ بَعْضُهُم بَعْضًا سُخْرِيًّا ۗ وَرَحْمَتُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ مِّمَّا يَجْمَعُونَ

It is We Who portion out between them their livelihood in this world, and We raised some of them above others in ranks, so that some may employ others in their work. But the Mercy (Paradise) of your Lord (O Muhammad) is better than the (wealth of this world) which they amass. [43:32]

This (i.e. what is stated in this ayah) enables a person to be contented with what Allaah has portioned out for him (or her). And also because of this Allaah (The Most High) said to His noble Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam):

وَلَا تَمُدَّنَّ عَيْنَيْكَ إِلَىٰ مَا مَتَّعْنَا بِهِ أَزْوَاجًا مِّنْهُمْ زَهْرَةَ الْحَيَاةِ الدُّنْيَا لِنَفْتِنَهُمْ فِيهِ ۚ وَرِزْقُ رَبِّكَ خَيْرٌ وَأَبْقَىٰ

And strain not your eyes in longing for the things We have given for enjoyment to various groups of them (polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah), the splendour of the life of this world that We may test them thereby. But the provision (good reward in the Hereafter) of your Lord is better and more lasting. [20:131]

Abu Hurairah (radiyallaahu-anhu) said that the Messenger of Allaah (salllal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: Look to those below you (i.e. compare yourselves to those lesser in status and provision than you etc) and do not look to those above you (i.e. those given higher status or provision more than you). This is more appropriate lest you look down upon Allaah’s favours (upon you).[Reported by Muslim]

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[Source: Fadaa’il Al-A’maal pages 29-30’ by Shaikh Muhammad Bin Abdillaah As-Subayyil (rahimahullaah)]

The Human being Supplicates Against Himself Out of Ignorance And Haste – By Imaam As Sadi

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

And man invokes (Allah) for evil as he invokes (Allah) for good and man is ever hasty.
[Surah Al-Israa’ Aayah 11]

This [behaviour] is from the ignorance and hastiness of the human being when he supplicates for evil against himself, his children and his wealth at the time of anger. He hastens to make such an evil supplication just as he hastens to supplicate for something good. But Allaah, out of His kindness, responds when one asks for good and not when asks for evil.

And were Allah to hasten for mankind the evil (they invoke for themselves and for their children, etc. while in a state of anger) as He hastens for them the good (they invoke) then they would have been ruined.
[Surah Yunus’ Aayah 11]

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Source: Tafseer As-Sadi slightly paraphrased

[9] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan -[The Messenger’s Supplication For Ibn Abbaas]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Ibn Abbaas narrated: Allaah’s Messenger [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] placed his hand on my shoulder and said, “O Allaah! Grant him understanding in religion and teach him the interpretation of the Qur’aan.”

Musnad Ahmad 2397

Few Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[Proof regarding]:

[1] Ibn Abbaas’s [radiyallaahu anhu] knowledge in the subject matter of Tafseer of the Qur’aan.

[2] The different levels of the Mufassireen.

[3] Explanation of the Great Qur’aan by the Sahaabah.

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Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. page 121 By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah Slightly paraphrased]

[8] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Hadeeth Narrated By Abu Dhar Regarding The Fact That The Messenger Clarified All Affairs Needed By The Ummah Until The Day of Judgement]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Abu Dharr [radiyallaahu anhu] said: “Allaah’s Messenger [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] did not even leave a bird flapping its wings in the sky except that he mentioned to us knowledge regarding it.
[Reported by Imaam Ahmad in Al-Musnad 21439 & it is a Hasan Hadeeth]

 

Few Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[1] Indeed, the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified everything that the Sahaabah needed in relation to knowledge of that which is going to take place in future. Al-Mugheerah Ibn Shu’bah [radiyallaahu anhu] said: “Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] stood amongst us for a long time and then informed us about what will take place in his Ummah until the Day of Judgement. Some of us remembered it, and some of us forgot it.
[Report Imaam Ahmad in Al-Musnad 18224 & it is Saheeh Li- Ghayrihee]

 

[2] The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified everything that was unknown to the Sahaabah regarding the meanings of the [Aayaat of the] Qur’aan.

 

[3] The different levels of the Sahaabah in relation to their knowledge of the Messenger’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] Ahaadeeth.

 

[4] Knowledge regarding the different levels of the Mufassireen.

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Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan’ page 97. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

[7] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [The Last Soorah That Was Revealed In Full]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Ubaydullaah bin Abdullaah bin Utbah said: “Ibn Abbaas [radiyallaahu anhumaa] said to me: ‘Do you know the last Soorah of the Qur’aan to be revealed in full?’ I said: ‘Yes’; “When there comes the Help of Allaah and the Conquest.”[Surah An-Nasr]. He said: ‘You are right.'” And in another narration, [Ibn Abbaas said]: “Do you know which Soorah,” but did not say “the last Soorah.”
[Saheeh Muslim 3034]

Few Masaa’il From This Hadeeth

[1] Knowledge about revelation of the last sections [or parts] of the Qur’aan.

[2] Knowledge about that which was revealed completely as one Soorah.

[3] Knowledge about a particular Soorah.

[4] Ibn Abbaas’s [radiyallaahu humaa] knowledge regarding the noble Qur’aan.

[5] With regards to revelation of the Qur’aan, some was revealed between three and seven Aayaat, some in a number of Aayaat, and some revealed completely such as Surah An-Nasr.

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Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 104 -105. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

 

[6]Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan: An Aayah In Soorah An-Nisaa That Brought Tears to The Eyes of The Noble Messenger (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam)

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Abdullaah bin Mas’ood [radiyallaahu anhu] narrated: The Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said to me, “Recite [the Qur’aan] to me.” I said, “O Allaah’s Messenger! Shall I recite [the Qur’aan] to you while it has been revealed to you?” He said, “Yes.” So I recited Soorah An-Nisaa’, till I reached the Aayah: “How (will it be) then, when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O Muhammad) as a witness against these people?” [Aayah 41] He said, “Enough for the present.” I looked at him and behold! His eyes were overflowing with tears.
Saheeh Al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 5050

Few Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[1] To listen to the recitation of the Great Qur’aan.

[2] [Permissible] for the one listening to the Qur’aan to say to the reciter, “Enough for the present.”

[3] The virtue of Abdullaah Bin Mas’ood [radiyallaahu anhu].

[4] To know a [specific] Aayah of the Qur’aan.

[5] The name given to the Surah – Surah An-Nisaa.

[6] To know the names of the Suwar [i.e. names of the different chapters of the Qur’aan]

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Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 83 – 84. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

[5] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan: [Fawaa’id From a Hadeeth Narrated By Safwaan Bin Ya’laa]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Safwaan bin Ya’laa bin Umayyah that his father said, “A man came to the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] while he was at Ji’raana. The man was wearing a cloak which had traces of khalooq of Sufra [a kind of perfume]. The man asked [the Prophet], ‘What do you order me to perform in my ‘Umrah?’ So, Allaah sent down revelation to the Prophet and he was screened by a piece of cloth. I wished to see the Prophet being divinely inspired. ‘Umar said to me, ‘Come! Will you be pleased to look at the Prophet while Allaah is inspiring him?’ I replied in the affirmative. ‘Umar lifted one corner of the cloth and I looked at the Prophet, [له غطيط – i.e. they heard a noise -from the Prophet-that was similar to that of a person snoring in his sleep]. When that state was over, the Prophet asked, “Where is the questioner who asked about ‘Umrah? Put off your cloak and wash away the traces of khalooq from your body and clean the Sufra [yellow colour] and perform in your ‘Umrah what you perform in your Hail [i.e., the Tawaaf round the Ka’bah and the Sa’ee (going) between As-Safaa and Al-Marwa].”

[Bukhaari Number 1789]

 

[4] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [A Hadeeth Narrated By Jundub Bin Sufyaan Regarding The Revelation of Aayaat 1 – 3′ Surah Ad-Duhaa]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Jundub bin Sufyan [radiyallaahu anhu]: Once Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayi wasallam] became sick and could not offer his night prayer (i.e.Tahajjud prayers) for two or three nights. Then a lady [the wife of Abu Lahab] came and said, “O Muhammad! I think that your satan has forsaken you, for I have not seen him with you for two or three nights!” On that Allaah revealed: “By the forenoon [after sunrise]; and by the night when it darkens [and stands still]; your Lord [O Muhammad] has neither forsaken you nor hates you.” [Surah Ad-Duhaa’ Aayaat 1-3]

Al-Bukhaari [rahimahullaah] said, “Chapter: The Statement of Allaah: “Your Lord [O Muhammad] has neither forsaken you nor hates you.” [The Arabic word that is translated as ‘has forsaken you’ can be read in two ways: with emphasis [i.e. Wadda’aka] or without emphasis [i.e. Wada ‘aka]. The meaning of both is the same, [(your Lord) has (not) forsaken you]. Ibn ‘Abbas said: The Verse means: ‘He has not forsaken you, nor does He hate you.” [Bukhaari Hadeeth Number 4950]

Some Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[1] The revelation of the Qur’aan.

[2] The revelation used to stop for some time.

[3] The subject matter regarding the revelation of the Qur’aan was well known to the people.

[4] Asbaab An-Nuzool – revelation [of parts] of the Qur’aan to give a clarification [or explanation] due to a question that was asked or an event that took place.

[5] In the Qur’aan, there is that which was revealed due to [specific reasons circumstances] and that which was revealed from the beginning without a specific reason.

[6] The application of a verse [or verses] is not limited to the specific [reason or circumstances] for which it was revealed, rather it is applicable to other similar reasons and circumstances [i.e. its relevance and application to those other similar reasons and circumstances is indentified, clarified and explained by the upright and qualified scholars of Tafseer].

[7] Surah Ad-Duhaa is a Makkan Surah [i.e. revealed in Makkah] and was revealed before the Hijrah [i.e. before the Messenger (sallal laahu alayhi wasallam) migrated to Madeenah)].

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Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 26-27. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

Slightly paraphrased

 

 

[3] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeth Reported By Ibn Abbaas Regarding The Aayah: ‘Move Not Your Tongue Concerning (The Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to Make Haste Therewith’

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Sa’eed bin Jubair: Ibn ‘Abbaas in the explanation of the Statement of Allaah: ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith.’
[Surah Al-Qiyaamah’ Aayah 16] said, “Allaah’s Messenger used to bear the revelation with great stress and hardness, and used to move his lips (quickly with the Revelation) .” Ibn ‘Abbaas moved his lips saying, “I am moving my lips (in front of you) as Allah’s Messenger used to move his.” Sa’eed moved his lips saying: “I am moving my lips, as I have seen Ibn ‘Abbas moving his.” [Ibn ‘Abbaa added], “So Allaah revealed, ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and give you (O Muhammad the ability to recite it (the Qur’aan), [which means that Allaah will make him (the Prophet;) remember the portion of the Qur’an which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it]. The Statement of Allah: ‘And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad ; through JibrIl (Gabriel)] then follow you its (the Qur’an’s) recital’ (V.75:18) (means ‘listen to it and be silent’). ‘Then it is for Us (Allah) to make it clear to you’ (V.75:19) means then it is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning will be clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, Allah’s Messenger used to listen to Jibril whenever he came and after his departure he used to recite it as Jibril had recited it.
[Saheeh al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 5]

Some Masaa’il Related To This Hadeeth

[1] The revelation of the great Qur’aan

[2] The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified [all affairs related to] the great Qur’aan through recitation and reading, and he clarified it by explaining its meanings,  its application and how to act upon it. Allaah said:
And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to the people what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought.
[Surah An-Nahl’ Aayah 44]

[3] Jibreel [alayhis salaam] was the one [whom Allaah] entrusted with the responsibility to convey the revelation to the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]. Allaah described Jibreel saying:

 ”He [the Messenger – Muhammad] has been taught [this Qur’an] by one mighty in power [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Dhu Mirrah [free from any defect in body and mind], Fastawa [then he (Jibrael – Gabriel) rose and became stable].
[Surah An-Najm’ Aayaat 5-6][4] One has to move his tongue when reciting the Qur’aan.
[5] One of the etiquettes to be observed is that one should not busy himself [or herself]  with anything else when listening to the reading and recitation of the Qur’aan, and [also] even when its Aayaat are repeated.

[6] Allaah [The Most High] guaranteed that the noble Qur’aan will be protected [from all distortions till the end of time] and [also guaranteed that] all of it is preserved in the Messenger’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] heart.

Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 16 – 17. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]
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