The Meeting between Shaytaan (may Allaah curse him) and Yahyah Ibn Yoosuf Az-Zummiy (rahimahullaah)
Abdillaah Al-Qazweeniy also narrated to us, saying: Yahyaa Ibnu Abdaka Al-Qazweeniy said: I heard Yahyaa Ibn Yoosuf Az-Zummiy saying: Once I was taking a midday nap in one of the sandstone inns, then suddenly a powerful creature (of a strange and frightening appearance) entered upon me, so I said: ”Who are you?” He said: ”You not scared O father of Zakariyyah!” I said: ”Yes, (i.e. am not scared), who are you?” and I stood up ready to fight him. So he said: ”I am Abu Murra (i.e. shaytaan).” So I said: ”Laa HayyaakAllaah.” So he said: ”Had I known that you were in this house I would not have entered and I would have resided in another house. This has been my place of residence since I came to khurasaan.” I said: ”Where did you come from?” He said: ”From Iraq.” So I said: ”What did you do in Iraq?” He said: ”I have left a vicegerent in (Iraq).” I said: ”Who is he?” He said:”Bishr Al-Marreesiy.” I said: ”What is he calling to (i.e. propagating)?” He said: ”He is (propagating) that the Qur’aan is created, and I came to khurasaan and also left a vicegerent in it.” I said: ”What do you say about the Qur’aan?” He said: ”Even though I am an accursed devil, I say that the Qur’aan is the speech of Allaah and it is not created.”
This story wasnarrated from Yahyah Ibn Yoosuf (Abu Zakariyyah) with an authentic chain of transmission. Satan came to him whilst he was in a house that resembles a hotel, where strangers and those arriving at a placetake as their place of residence. Satan entered upon him and said: ”You not scared of me?” So Abu Zakariyyah said to him: ”No, I am not scared of you, and who are you? So satan said: ”I am abu murra.” (i.e. I am shaytaan—the big satan (May the curse of Allaah be upon him).
Yahyah was ready to fight him, so shaytaan said: ”I am Abu Murra.” Yahyah said to him: Laa Hayaakallaah! Yahyah was firm and strong at heart in challenging satan because a person may not be able to face the Jinn. There are many people who die out of fear when they see the Jinn. However, some people are able to face the Jinn and defeat them and amongst them was Umar Ibnul Khattaab (radiyallaahu-anhu) because he did not walk a path except that satan took a different path. And Abu Hurairah (radiyallaahu-anhu) was from such people because he captured satan three times whilst satan was stealing from the food the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) asked Abu Hurairah to guard. A strong believer neither fears the Jinn nor the people. He does not fear anyone except Allaah, especially the type of fear that is tantamount to shirk—we seek Allaah’s protection from this. Some people have a fear that is tantamount to shirk—fear of the dead and the devils. We seek Allaah’s protection from calamity. However, Yahyah-Abu Zakariyyah did not fear, rather he was strong at heart and strong in facing satan.
So satan said tohim: ”Had I known that you were in this house, I would not have entered.” This proves that satan does not have knowledge of the unseen and the Jinn do not know the unseen, just as Allaah stated in the story of Sulaymaan (alayhis-salaam):
فَلَمَّا قَضَيۡنَا عَلَيۡهِ ٱلۡمَوۡتَ مَا دَلَّهُمۡ عَلَىٰ مَوۡتِهِۦۤ إِلَّا دَآبَّةُ ٱلۡأَرۡضِ تَأۡڪُلُ مِنسَأَتَهُۖ ۥ فَلَمَّا خَرَّ تَبَيَّنَتِ ٱلۡجِنُّ أَن لَّوۡ كَانُواْ يَعۡلَمُونَ ٱلۡغَيۡبَ مَا لَبِثُواْ فِى ٱلۡعَذَابِ ٱلۡمُهِينِ
Then when We decreed death for him [Sulaiman (Solomon)], nothing informed them (jinns) of his death except a little worm of the earth, which kept (slowly) gnawing away at his stick, so when he fell down, the jinns saw clearly that if they had known the unseen, they would not have stayed in the humiliating torment. [Soorah Sabah: Ayah: 14]
هَلۡ أُنَبِّئُكُمۡ عَلَىٰ مَن تَنَزَّلُ ٱلشَّيَـٰطِينُ
تَنَزَّلُ عَلَىٰ كُلِّ أَفَّاكٍ أَثِيمٍ۬
يُلۡقُونَ ٱلسَّمۡعَ وَأَڪۡثَرُهُمۡ كَـٰذِبُونَ
”Shall I inform you (O people!) upon whom the Shayatin (devils) descend? They descend on every lying (one who tells lies), sinful person. Who gives ear (to the devils and they pour what they may have heard of the unseen from the angels), and most of them are liars.” [Soorah Shu-araa Ayah: 221-223]
The devils steal from the news of the heavens by snatching a statement and descend with it; then they relate it to the soothsayer or the magician and add a hundred lies to it. This person who receives this from the devils is a (human) satan, a soothsayer and a magician. However, whether he is a soothsayer, a (human) satan or a magician, they all receive slander and lies from satan (i.e. the devils amongst the Jinn). They are liars because whoever narrates a narration whilst knowing that it is a lie, then indeed he is one of the liars.
So Yahyah asked satan where he came from and he said that he was from Iraq. The trials and tribulations flared up in Iraq. So Yahyah said to him, ”What did you doin Iraq?” He said: I left a vicegerent in it. Yahyah said to him: Who is he? He said: Bishr Al-Marreesiy. Therefore, the callers to innovation and misguidance are the vicegerents of satan and the scholars are the inheritors of the Prophets and their vicegerents Inshaa-Allaah. The callers to innovation, falsehood, disbelief and misguidance are vicegerents of Iblees and his armies. Therefore be cautious of being amongst the army of satan or amongst his vicegerents
Then Yahyah asked satan about what Bishr Al-Marreesiy was calling to; he said that he was saying that the Qur’aan is created. This alone is a great achievement for satan because it brought about strife, differing and such and such. However, there are innovations greater than it– and protection is sought from Allaah—being propagated by many people and you will find that it is the hundredth one amongst his/their innovations. These people are more severe and they cause more strife in being the vicegerents of satan than Bishr Al-Marreesiy. And I (i.e. ShaikhRabee) have said to some of those who defend some of the contemporary people of innovations: What is your resentment against Bishral-Marreesiy and what led both the people of Sunnah and the people of innovation in this Ummah to drop him? He said: ‘’Because he said that the Qur’aan is created.’’ I said: ”Such and such joins him in this affair and he has other big innovations that are greater than this, so how is it that you do not tremble?! Watch out against blindness O brothers! We seek Allaah’s protection from blindness and misguidance. We seek Allaah’s protection from calamity, especially when these people attribute themselves to the salafi manhaj with their calamities. The distress will be very heavy and the calamity will be greater if the supporters of the big innovations make claims and ascribe themselves to the salafi Manhaj. By Allaah this is a distress upon the Ummah, for many have harmed themselves and harmed the stupid and ignorant people. We ask Allaah for well-being
Shaytaan then said: ”Then I came to khurasaan…..”. This is the east, as it has been stated that the horn of satan will rise from there. The horn of satan rose in Iraq and its surrounding areas—the innovations of the Raafidah (shia), the khawaarij, the mutazilah, the jahmiyyah and other than them. And also in Iraq arose the innovation that the Qur’aan is created. Satan raised his horn from this east and we ask Allaah (The Blessed and Most High) to safeguard Islaam and the Islamic nation from its evil.
So Yahyah said to shaytaan: ”What do you say about the Qur’aan? That is: If you (shaytaan) have this zeal and a vicegerent for this innovation, then what is your view about it? He (satan) said: And even though I am an accursed devil, I say that the Qur’aan is the speech of Allaah and it is not created.’’ Satan laughs at the people and ruins them; Allaah said: ”He only invites his Hizb (followers) that they may become the dwellers of the blazing Fire.” We seek Allaah’s protection.
Alright, some of the callers to Islaam would say to you that he does not believe in such and such. For example, it is said to him: ”What do you say about wahdatul wujood (i.e. oneness of Being—the belief of kufr which means that everything that is seen is Allah or a manifestation of Allah). Alright, he says that he does not believe in wahdatul wujood, but he calls to it! He is a shaytaan and he is more of a filth than those who fall to this innovation.
They say to you: ”Such and such does not utter the innovation of wahdatul wujood”, yet he is the utterer and author of it. Was it a slip of the tongue and the pen; however he praises the people of wahdatul wujood! If he does not believe it, then he is worse than them and this is from the plots of satan, for he (satan) does not believe that the Qur’aan is created yet he calls to it and is zealous about it. For example: A (person) calls to socialism, Judaism or Christianity and he praises these creeds whilst not believing in them! Paul called to Christianity whilst not believing in it and he was more of a disbeliever amongst them because he does not believe that Eesaa is the son of Allaah and that he is the third of the three or that he is Allaah, yet he fabricated these beliefs; therefore he is more of a disbeliever than the Christians. This is similar to the affair of the one who calls to innovation—he calls to an innovation that is tantamount to disbelief or an innovation that is not tantamount to disbelief, then he is worse than the one who believes in it but does not call to it.
Source: باب ذكر اللفظية، ومن زعم أن هذا القرآن حكاية للقرآن الذي في اللوح المحفوظ كذبوا…/ من شرح الشريعة للآجري-رحمه الله