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[1] Allaah’s Various Types of Punishments and Their Causes—Shaikh Abdullaah Ibn Salfeeq Adh-Dhufayree (may Allaah preserve him)

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

O people! Allaah [The Blessed and Most High] obligated on every Makhlooq (i.e. every Jinn and human) to obey Him and obey His Messenger (i.e. Muhammad) in every era and place. And He forbade (us) from disobeying Him and His Messenger. Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) stated:

[يَـٰٓأَيُّہَا ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ ۥ وَلَا تَوَلَّوۡاْ عَنۡهُ وَأَنتُمۡ تَسۡمَعُونَ ]

‘O you who believe! Obey Allah and His Messenger, and turn not away from him (i.e. Messenger Muhammad) while you are hearing.” [8:20]


And Allaah (The Most High) said:

[قُلۡ أَطِيعُواْ ٱللَّهَ وَٱلرَّسُولَ‌ۖ فَإِن تَوَلَّوۡاْ فَإِنَّ ٱللَّهَ لَا يُحِبُّ ٱلۡكَـٰفِرِينَ   ]

”Say (O Muhammad): “Obey Allah and the Messenger (Muhammad).” But if they turn away, then Allah does not like the disbelievers.” [3:32]


And Allaah (The Most High) said:

لَّا تَجۡعَلُواْ دُعَآءَ ٱلرَّسُولِ بَيۡنَڪُمۡ كَدُعَآءِ بَعۡضِكُم بَعۡضً۬ا‌ۚ قَدۡ يَعۡلَمُ ٱللَّهُ ٱلَّذِينَ يَتَسَلَّلُونَ مِنكُمۡ لِوَاذً۬ا‌ۚ فَلۡيَحۡذَرِ ٱلَّذِينَ يُخَالِفُونَ عَنۡ أَمۡرِهِۦۤ أَن تُصِيبَہُمۡ فِتۡنَةٌ أَوۡ يُصِيبَہُمۡ عَذَابٌ أَلِيمٌ

”Make not the calling of the Messenger (Muhammad) among you as your calling of one another. Allah knows those of you who slip away under shelter (of some excuse without taking the permission to leave, from the Messenger). And let those who oppose the Messenger’s (Muhammad) commandment (i.e. his Sunnah legal ways, orders, acts of worship, statements, etc.) (among the sects) beware, lest some Fitnah (disbelief, trials, afflictions, earthquakes, killing, overpowered by a tyrant, etc.) befall them or a painful torment be inflicted on them.” [Noble Qur’aan 24:63]

In these Noble Verses, Allaah (The Most High) commanded (us) to obey Him and to obey His Messenger, and He made that a cause of happiness in this life and the next. He forbade (us) from disobeying Him and His Messenger, and He made that (i.e. disobedience and sin) a cause of punishment in this worldly life—(a punishment) that can neither be imagined nor perceived. And because of this Allaah ended these two verses with a mention of the severity of His Punishment by way of a Fitnah (trial) and a painful torment upon the one disobeys Him and His Messenger.

Imaam Ahmad (rahimahullaah) said about this Ayah (i.e.24:63): Do you know what Al-Fitna is? Al-Fitnah is Shirk. Perhaps if he (i.e. the person) rejects some of his (i.e. the Prophet’s) saying, something of deviation may enter into his heart, so he becomes destroyed.” [Reported by Ibn Battah in Al-Ibaanah Al-Kubraa 97]

To be continued….In-Shaa-Allaah


[Abridged: Source: عقوبات الله المتنوعة وأسبابُهاpages 12-13]

bidah, callers to misguidance, causes of punishment, sins and disobedience