Tawheed: The Noblest Affair of Knowledge Without Exception- By Imaam As-Sadi [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

The knowledge of Sound Creed and  Fundamental Principles of Tawheed

This is the noblest of all the affairs of knowledge without exception. It is the most virtuous and perfect.By way of it, the hearts are established upon sound creed, and manners are purified and made to flourish. And by way of it, deeds are corrected and made perfect. The subject matter of this affair is based on the following:

Studying what is obligatory to affirm for Allaah regarding His perfect Attributes and lofty descriptions, and that which prevents and makes it impossible for Him to be described with deficient and blameworthy attributes, or making similarities to Him with others.

[Studying] that which establishes the fact that Allaah [alone] brought about all the things in the existence and that He does whatever He wills-whatever He wishes will take place and whatever he does not wish cannot take place.

Likewise, studying what is obligatory regarding belief in the Messengers, their qualities and the rights due to them, and what is forbidden with regards to violation of such rights.

Belief in the Books revealed to the Messengers and in that which Allaah has stated about Himself, and that which His Messengers stated regarding the events of the past and the future.

Belief in the last day, recompense, reward and punishment, the paradise and hell fire, and that which is stated and connected to these affairs.

These are the general affairs of this lofty affair of knowledge. Indeed the Qur’aan has explained these affairs with a profound explanation and clarified it in a manner that is not equal to [its explanation and clarification in] the other revealed books. There is no fundamental affair except that the Qur’aan has explained it.


[Fat-hul Raheem Al-Malikil Allaam Fee Ilmil Aqaa-id Wat-Tawheed Wal-Akhlaaq Wal-Ahkaam of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah). Page: 7. Abridged and slightly paraphrased]

A Summary of The Khutbah Today at Masjid Al-Furqaan

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] said: [وَعِنْدَهُ مَفَاتِحُ الْغَيْبِ لَا يَعْلَمُهَا إِلَّا هُوَ – And with Him are the keys of the Ghaib (all that is hidden), none knows them but He] [6:59]

In his explanation of the above Ayah, Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah] cited a number of robust proofs to demonstrate and establish the fact that even the most knowledgeable amongst the creation- Allaah’s Messengers and Angels-do not posses knowledge of the Unseen.

Proof 1: Aa’isha [radiyallaahu-anhaa] was falsely accused and the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] did not know whether she was innocent or not until Allaah [The Most High] informed him, saying: [ أُولَٰئِكَ مُبَرَّءُونَ مِمَّا يَقُولُونَ- Such (good people) are innocent of (each and every) bad statement which they say] [24:26]

Proof 2: Prophet Ibraaheem [alayhis-salaam] slaughtered a lamb for the angels, whilst not knowing that they were angels until they informed him that they were angels. Allaah [The Most High] said that the angels said to Ibraaheem: [إِنَّا أُرْسِلْنَا إِلَىٰ قَوْمِ لُوطٍ    – We have been sent against the people of Lout (Lot). (11:70)]

Proof 3: When the angels came to Prophet lut [alayhis-salaam], he did not know that they were angels, and due to that Allaah said: [وَلَمَّا جَآءَتۡ رُسُلُنَا لُوطً۬ا سِىٓءَ بِہِمۡ وَضَاقَ بِہِمۡ ذَرۡعً۬ا وَقَالَ هَـٰذَا يَوۡمٌ عَصِيبٌ۬ – And when Our Messengers came to Lout (Lot), he was grieved on their account and felt himself straitened for them (lest the town people should approach them to commit sodomy with them). He said: Allaah [The Most High] also said that lut [alayhis-salaam] said: [لَوْ أَنَّ لِي بِكُمْ قُوَّةً أَوْ آوِي إِلَىٰ رُكْنٍ شَدِيدٍ  – Would that I had strength (men) to overpower you, or that I could betake myself to some powerful support (to resist you). (11:80)].

He did not know what news the angels brought until they said to him: [إِنَّا رُسُلُ رَبِّكَ لَنْ يَصِلُوا إِلَيْكَ – Verily, we are the Messengers from your Lord. They shall not reach you!] [11:81]

Proof 4: Prophet Ya’qoob [alayhis-salaam] lost his eyesight due to grieving for Yusuf [alayhis-salaam], whilst he was in Egypt. He did not know anything about Yusuf until Allaah reveal news about him.

Proof 5: Prophet Sulaymaan [alayhis-salaam], even though Allaah [The Most High] gave him authority over the devils and subjugated the wind in his service, he did not know about the people Bil-Qees until the Hud’hud came with news about them. Allaah [The Most High] said that Hud’hud said: [أَحَطْتُ بِمَا لَمْ تُحِطْ بِهِ وَجِئْتُكَ مِنْ سَبَإٍ بِنَبَإٍ يَقِينٍ  – I have grasped (the knowledge of a thing) which you have not grasped and I have come to you from Saba’ (Sheba) with true news] (27:22)]

Proof 6: Prophet Nuh [alayhis-salaam] did not know that his son – who was drowned- was not included amongst those members of his household who were to be saved, as Allaah [The Most High] said that Nuh said: [رَبِّ إِنَّ ابْنِي مِنْ أَهْلِي وَإِنَّ وَعْدَكَ الْحَقُّ   – O my Lord! Verily, my son is of my family! And certainly, Your Promise is true.(11:45)].  He did not know the reality of the affair until Allaah informed him, saying: [قَالَ يَـٰنُوحُ إِنَّهُ ۥ لَيۡسَ مِنۡ أَهۡلِكَ‌ۖ إِنَّهُ ۥ عَمَلٌ غَيۡرُ صَـٰلِحٍ۬‌ۖ فَلَا تَسۡـَٔلۡنِ مَا لَيۡسَ لَكَ بِهِۦ عِلۡمٌ‌ۖ إِنِّىٓ أَعِظُكَ أَن تَكُونَ مِنَ ٱلۡجَـٰهِلِينَ – He [Allaah] said: “O Nuh (Noah)! Surely, he is not of your family; verily, his work is unrighteous, so ask not of Me that of which you have no knowledge! I admonish you, lest you be one of the ignorant]. [11:46]

And indeed Allaah [The Most High] also stated in Surah Hud about Nuh [alayhis-salaam] that he said to his people: [وَلَا أَقُولُ لَكُمْ عِنْدِي خَزَائِنُ اللَّهِ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ الْغَيْبَ -And I do not say to you that with me are the Treasures of Allah, “Nor that I know the Ghaib (unseen)..] [11:31]

Proof 7: And when Allaah said to the Angels:  [أَنۢبِـُٔونِى بِأَسۡمَآءِ هَـٰٓؤُلَآءِ إِن كُنتُمۡ صَـٰدِقِينَ -Tell Me the names of these if you are truthful]; Allaah said that the angels replied: [قَالُوا سُبْحَانَكَ لَا عِلْمَ لَنَا إِلَّا مَا عَلَّمْتَنَا  – Glory be to You, we have no knowledge except what you have taught us]. [2:31-32]

Therefore, it is very clear that the most knowledgeable amongst the creation- the Messengers and the Angels- do not know anything of the unseen except what Allaah makes known to them. Allaah [The Most High] informs His Messengers what He wishes from the knowledge of the Unseen, as Allaah stated: [وَمَا كَانَ اللَّهُ لِيُطْلِعَكُمْ عَلَى الْغَيْبِ وَلَٰكِنَّ اللَّهَ يَجْتَبِي مِنْ رُسُلِهِ مَنْ يَشَاءُ ۖ- Nor will Allah disclose to you the secrets of the Ghaib (unseen), but Allah chooses of His Messengers whom He pleases][3:179]

And Allaah said: [عَـٰلِمُ ٱلۡغَيۡبِ فَلَا يُظۡهِرُ عَلَىٰ غَيۡبِهِۦۤ أَحَدًا- (He Alone) the All-Knower of the Gha’ib (unseen), and He reveals to none His Gha’ib (unseen)]; [إِلَّا مَنِ ٱرۡتَضَىٰ مِن رَّسُولٍ۬ -Except to a Messenger (from mankind)…]. [72:26-27]


[Source: Tafseer Al-Qur’aan Bil-Qur’aan Min Adwaa Al-Bayaan’ pages 169-170’ Daar Hady An-Nabawiy’ 2nd ed. (1431AH -2010). Paraphrased and Abridged]

End of quote from Imaam Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah]


Indeed, Allaah does not reveal knowledge of the Unseen to anyone, except to Prophets and Messengers when he wishes to do so. So, if anyone claims that he (or she) knows the future or his (or her) Shaikh knows the future, then remind them of what has been stated in the above article as well as what is stated in the following authentic hadeeth reported by Imaam Al-Bukhaari:

Narrated Abu Hurairah (radiyallaahu-anhu):

The Prophet (ﷺ) said, “When Allah has ordained some affair in the Heaven, the angels beat with their wings in obedience to His statement, which sounds like a chain dragged over a rock.” (`Ali and other sub-narrators said, “The sound reaches them.”) “Until when fear is banished from their (angels) hearts, they (angels) say, ‘What was it that your Lord said? They say, ‘The truth; And He is the Most High, the Most Great.’ (34.23) Then those who gain a hearing by stealing (i.e. devils) will hear Allah’s Statement:– ‘Those who gain a hearing by stealing, (stand one over the other like this). (Sufyan, to illustrate this, spread the fingers of his right hand and placed them one over the other horizontally.) A flame may overtake and burn the eavesdropper before conveying the news to the one below him; or it may not overtake him till he has conveyed it to the one below him, who in his turn, conveys it to the one below him, and so on till they convey the news to the earth. (Or probably Sufyan said, “Till the news reaches the earth.”) Then the news is inspired to a sorcerer who would add a hundred lies to it. His prophecy will prove true (as far as the heavenly news is concerned). The people will say. ‘Didn’t he tell us that on such-and-such a day, such-and-such a thing will happen? We have found that is true because of the true news heard from heaven.” The above hadith is also narrated by Abu Huraira, starting: ‘When Allah has ordained some affair…’) In this narration the word foreteller is added to the word wizard.

[Saheeh Al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 4701]

The Statement ‘You [Allaah] alone we worship’ – By Imaam Ash-Shanqeetee [rahimahullaah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

[إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ  – You (Alone) we worship] [Al-Faatihah Ayah 5]

This statement establishes the meaning of [لَا إله إلا الله – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] because its meaning is built upon two affairs- negation and affirmation. Negating all types of worship directed at other gods besides Allaah (The Most High) and affirming that all legislated types of worship (i.e. in the Sharee’ah) are to be directed to the Lord of the Heavens and the earth (i.e. Allaah) alone. The meaning of the statement [إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ – You (Alone) we worship] has been affirmed (or established) in detail in other Aayaat, such as the statement of Allaah:

[يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ – O mankind! Worship your Lord (Allah), Who created you]; so Allaah made that clear (i.e. affirmation that He alone has the right to be worshipped) in His statement, [اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ – Worship your Lord], and at the end of the Ayah He negated (worship directed to others besides Him) in His statement [فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ أَنْدَادًا وَأَنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ  – Then do not set up rivals unto Allah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshipped)] [Al-Baqarah 21-22] [Ref 1]

Likewise, Allaah’s statement: [وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)]. So Allaah made it clear (i.e. that He alone has the right to be worshipped) in His statement [اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ  – Worship Allah (Alone)] and He negated worship directed at others in His statement [وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ – avoid (or keep away from) Taghut (all false deities, etc. i.e. do not worship Taghut besides Allah)] [An-Nahl Ayah 36]

Likewise Allaah’s statement:

فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انْفِصَامَ لَهَا ۗ وَاللَّهُ سَمِيعٌ عَلِيمٌ

Verily, the Right Path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taghut and believes in Allah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. [2:256]

He negated (worship directed at others) in His statement: [فَمَنْ يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوت – Whoever disbelieves in Taghut] and He affirmed (that worship should be directed to Him alone) in His statement [وَيُؤْمِنْ بِاللَّهِ – and believes in Allah]

Likewise Allaah’s statement:

وَإِذْ قَالَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ لِأَبِيهِ وَقَوْمِهِ إِنَّنِي بَرَاءٌ مِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ

إِلَّا الَّذِي فَطَرَنِي

And (remember) when Ibrahim (Abraham) said to his father and his people: “Verily, I am innocent of what you worship, Except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah Alone) Who did create me… [Az-Zukhruf Aayaat 26-27]

And likewise Allaah’s statement:

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رَسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ

And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad) but We inspired him (saying): La ilaha illa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” [Al-Anbiyaa Ayah 25]

Likewise, Allaah’s statement:

وَاسْأَلْ مَنْ أَرْسَلْنَا مِنْ قَبْلِكَ مِنْ رُسُلِنَا أَجَعَلْنَا مِنْ دُونِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ آلِهَةً

يُعْبَدُونَ

And ask (O Muhammad) those of Our Messengers whom We sent before you: “Did We ever appoint aliha (gods) to be worshipped besides the Most Beneficent (Allah)?”[Az-Zukhruf Ayah 45]

And other Aayaat besides the above….


[Source: Tafseerul Qur’aan Bil-Qur’aan Min Adwaa Al-Bayaan’ pages 32-33. Daar Hady An-Nabawiy. paraphrased and abridged]

May Allaah reward Ustaadh Abu Tasneem (Mushaf al-Banghaali)- Aameen- for informing us of this Faa’idah.

 

A Supplication of Yusuf [alayhis-salaam] Contains Affirmation of Tawheed; Submission to Allaah; Asking for a Good End in This Worldly Life and The Companionship of The Righteous

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Besstower of Mercy

Allaah [The Most High] said that Yoosuf [alayhis-salaam] said:

أَنتَ وَلِيِّي فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ ۖ تَوَفَّنِي مُسْلِمًا وَأَلْحِقْنِي بِالصَّالِحِينَ

You [Allaah] are my Wali [Protector, Helper, Supporter, Guardian, etc.] in this world and in the Hereafter, cause me to die as a Muslim [the one submitting to Your Will], and join me with the righteous. [12:101]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: This supplication gathers within it a firm acknowledgement of Allaah’s Oneness [in His Lordship, Worship and Names and Attributes], submission to the Lord [Allaah], a manifestation of one’s need of Him and a declaration of one’s innocence from having a protector besides Allaah [Free Is He From All Imperfections]; and that being enabled to die upon Islaam is the loftiest goal of the slave-an affair that in the hands of Allaah alone and none else; an acknowledgement of the afterlife and seeking the company of those whom Allaah has bestowed His Grace.


[Al-Fawaa’id’ page 286. Slightly paraphrased]

Whenever The Filthy Doctrine of The Khawaarij Emerges, It Has To Be Rebutted | Shaykh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan (Hafithahullah)

Shaikh Saaleh Al-Fawzaan [may Allaah preserve him] says:

“The people of knowledge [i.e. the scholars] are of the view that it is obligated on the Muslims in every era that if they are certain about the presence of this filthy doctrine [i.e. the doctrine of the khawaarij], they should remedy it through calling to Allaah [i.e. the correct way] and enlighten the people about that. If they [i.e. khawaarij] do not obey [and come out fighting], then they are fought [by the Muslim ruler] in order to repel their harm.”

[لمحة عن الفرق الضالة page 42]

Among The Virtues Of The Prophet’s City | Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen (Rahimahullah)

Among The Virtues of The Prophet’s City- By Imaam Muhammad Ibn Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen (Rahimahullah)

Imaam Muhammad Bin Saaleh al-Uthaymeen (rahimahullaah) was asked about the statement of the Messenger (sallal-laahua-alayhi-wasallam) that: ‘’Verily Imaan returns and goes back to Madeenah as a snake returns and goes back to its hole.’’[1]

Answer:

In this hadeeth the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) said: ‘’ Verily Imaan returns and goes back to Madeenah as a snake returns and goes back to its hole.’’ The word (يَأرِزُ)-Yarizo with a kasrah on the letter Raa can also have a Fatha or a Dammah (on the Raa). And the meaning of (يَأرِزُ) – Yarizo is that (Islaam) will return and it will be established in Madeenah, just as a snake returns to its hole after exiting it. This is an indication from the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alahi-wasallam) that this religion will return to Madeenah after the other lands become corrupted, just as a snake goes out and roams about in the earth, and then returns to its hole after that.

In this hadeeth is also an indication that just as Islaam did spread from Madeenah, it will also return to it; for indeed Islaam’s strength and authority did not spread except from Madeenah, even though its origin was in Makkah. Makkah was the first place where the revelation came down, but the Muslims were not able to establish a state, authority and Jihaad except after migrating to Madeenah. So for this reason, Islaam’s authority, enforcement and strength spread from Madeenah, and it will return to it in the end of time.

And some of the people of knowledge say that this (hadeeth) is indicative of an affair that has preceded, and that people did come to Madeenah and return to it in order to acquire the knowledge of the Sharee-ah and to study Islaam. However, the first meaning is what is apparent from the hadeeth. [2]

[1]Saheeh Bukhaari: Summarized Version: Hadeeth Number: 909

[Source:Fataawaa Fadeelatus Shaikh Al-Allaamah Muhammad Bin Saaleh Al-Uthaymeen Fil Aqeedah: Vol:1-2: page: 84-85]

Among The Means To Tasting The Sweetness of Imaan | Benefits from Shaykh ‘Ubayd al – Jaabiree and Imaam Ibn-ul Qayyim

Among The Means To Tasting The Sweetness of Imaan

Abbaas Bin Abdul Muttalib [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that he heard Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] saying:

 

ذَاقَ طَعْمَ الإيمَانِ مَنْ رَضِيَ بِالله رَبّا وَ باْلإِسْلاَمِ دِيناً و بِمُحَمّدٍ رسولا

 

“The one who pleased that Allah is his lord and Islam is his religion and  Muhammad is his messenger shall taste the sweetness of Imaan.”

 

The meaning of the Hadeeth is that he [or she] only seeks the [pleasure of] Allaah-The Most High [1].

 

He [or she] does not follow other than the path of Islaam and does not follow except that which is in agreement with Muhammad’s [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] Sharee’ah. [2]

 

There is no doubt that the sweetness of Eemaan becomes pure in the heart of one with these qualities and indeed he [or she] has [definitely] tasted its sweetness.[3]

 

 

 

[Refs 1& 3: Source: Imdaadul Muslim Bi-Sharh Mukhtasar Al-Mundhiri Li-Saheehi Muslim. Vol 1. Page: 170 By Shaikh Ubaid Al-Jaabiri (may Allaah preserve him) – Slightly paraphrased]

 

 

[Ref 2: For more benefits from this hadeeth, see [مدارج السالكين- 2/171. By Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah)]

“There Is No Good Except In Nine….” | Rabee bin Khuthaym (Rahimahullah)

Rabee Bin Khuthaym [rahimahullaah] used to say:

There is no good in speech except in nine[affairs]: Tahleel [i.e. uttering Laa-ilaaha ilal-laah]; Takbeer [i.e. uttering Allaahu Akbar]; Tasbeeh [i.e. uttering Subhaanallaah]; Tahmeed [i.e. uttering Al-Hamdulil-laah]; Enquiring about good; Seeking refuge from evil; Enjoining good; Forbidding evil and Recitation of the Qur’aan’’.

[Source: ‘Kitaab As-Samt’ by Ibn Abee Dunyaa (rahimahullaah) page:246]

“You Alone We Worship And You Alone We Ask For Help” | Imaam ibn-ul Qayyim (Rahimahullah)

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] said: “

I used to hear Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah [rahimahullaah)] often saying:

[إِيَّاكَ نَعْبُدُ] – “You alone we worship” repels Riyaa

 [ وَإِيَّاكَ نَسْتَعِينُ] – “And you alone we ask for help” repels Pride.”

Source: Badaa’i At-Tafseer’ 1/41-53