Tag: monotheism

[1] Instilling the Greatness of Allaah in our hearts and not others; everything is under Allaah’s Absolute Will and Power

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَمَا مِن دَآبَّةٍ۬ فِى ٱلۡأَرۡضِ وَلَا طَـٰٓٮِٕرٍ۬ يَطِيرُ بِجَنَاحَيۡهِ إِلَّآ أُمَمٌ أَمۡثَالُكُم‌ۚ مَّا فَرَّطۡنَا فِى ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ مِن شَىۡءٍ۬‌ۚ

”There is not a moving (living) creature on earth, nor a bird that flies with its two wings, but are communities like you. We have neglected nothing in the Book.” [6:38]

That is all the land and air animals, such as cattle, wild animals and birds–they are all nations like yourselves. (Allaah) created them just as He created you; (Allaah) provide them with sustenance just as He provide for you. They are all under the will and power of Allaah just as you are.

[مَّا فَرَّطۡنَا فِى ٱلۡكِتَـٰبِ مِن شَىۡءٍ۬‌ۚ] ”We have neglected nothing in the Book.” There is nothing of these things that has been missed or forgotten by Allaah in the preserved tablet; rather all things—be they small or big—are written in the preserved tablet just as they are. All the events take place just as it was written down by the pen. This Ayah is a proof that the first Book (i.e. the Lawh Al-Mahfoodh) has all the things that will happen (i.e. written 50 years before the creation) and this is one of the levels of Devine Will and Decree. The Devine Will and Decree is of four levels:

[1] Allaah’s all-encompassing knowledge of all things; [2] The writing down of everything that will exist; [3] His all-encompassing Will and Power over everything; [4] He created all the creation, even the actions of the slaves.

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Slightly paraphrased and abridged…see Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer Kalaam Al-Mannaan of Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)

They (i.e. the people of the pre-Islamic era of ignorance) attributed Deficiencies to Allaah…..

Imaam Muhammad Bin Abdul Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

”They (i.e. the people of the pre-Islamic era of ignorance) attributed Deficiencies to Allaah…..

Sheikh Saaleh al Fawzaan (Hafidha-hullaah) explained the above, saying:

Deficiency is opposite to Perfection.  Attributing deficiencies to Allaah (Glorified Be He) is a violation of His Lordship, and that is (case) when a son is attributed to Him because the father is in need of a son and is like him.

The Jews said that Ezra (alayhis-salaam) is Allaah’s son and the Christians said that The Messiah (alayhis-salaam) is Allaah’s son; and the Pagan Arabs said that The Angels are Allaah’s daughters; while, (on the other hand) the Christians declare their Monks free from having wives and sons; because (attributing this to the Monks) is a diminution of their rights.  So these (Christians) do not declare Allaah free from that which they free their Monks.

Likewise, the Arabs hated having daughters, while (on the other hand) they attributed that to Allaah.  So they attributed to Allaah what they hated for themselves and considered to be a disgrace and deficiency.  Allaah said:

 وَيَجۡعَلُونَ لِلَّهِ ٱلۡبَنَـٰتِ سُبۡحَـٰنَهُ ۥ‌ۙ وَلَهُم مَّا يَشۡتَہُونَ

”And they assign daughters unto Allaah! Glorified and Exalted) is He above all that they associate with Him! And unto themselves what they desire’’ (16:57).

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَيَجۡعَلُونَ لِلَّهِ مَا يَكۡرَهُونَ وَتَصِفُ

”They assign to Allaah that which they dislike (for themselves)” (16:62)

A Muslim Scholar went on a mission to one of the kings of Rome, so when he entered upon (the King) he said to him, ”How is the wife and the children? Thus, those who were present became angry because how can (this Muslim Scholar) describe their leader as having a wife and children!  So (the Muslim Scholar) said to them, ‘you (people) free your leader from having a wife and a son, whilst (on the other hand) you attribute that to Allaah (The Mighty and Majestic) and you do not declare Him free from that!  So he silenced them and debated with them, and greatly embarrassed them.

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[Source: ‘Sharh Masaa’il Al-Jaahiliyyah’ by Sheikh Saaleh al Fawzaan.  (Page: 150-151)]

Another Important Supplication

يا حَـيُّ يا قَيّـومُ بِـرَحْمَـتِكِ أَسْتَـغـيث ، أَصْلِـحْ لي شَـأْنـي كُلَّـه ، وَلا تَكِلـني إِلى نَفْـسي طَـرْفَةَ عَـين

”O The Ever-Living! O The One Who sustains and protects all that exists! By Your mercy I seek aid and deliverance, rectify all my affairs for me and do not leave me to myself, even for the blink of an eye.” [ صحيح الترغيب والترهيب 1/273]-[Number 654]

Shaikh Muhammad Bin Ibraaheem Aala Shaikh (rahimahullaah) said: It is neither obligated nor permissible to depend on oneself, as reported in the hadeeth (i.e. the supplication a believer makes): [فَلاَ تَكِلْنِى إِلَى نَفْسِى طَرْفَةَ عَيْنٍ ] ”Do not leave me to myself even for the blink of an eye.” [Majmoo al-Fataawaa of Shaikh Muhammad Bin Ibraaheem 1/70]

[1] Intro: The difference between legislated and innovated acts of worship

 بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said:

Indeed, there has been much confusion in this subject matter just as it is the case in the subject matter of halaal and haraam.  Indeed a group of people make permissible some of the things which Allaah has declared impermissible and others declare impermissible some of those things which Allaah has made permissible.  Likewise some people innovate acts of worship that have not been legislated by Allaah; rather He (The Most High) prohibited them.

The foundation of the religion of Islaam is that the permissible affairs are those that Allaah and His Messenger have made permissible, and the impermissible affairs are those that Allaah and His Messenger have made impermissible.  It is not allowed (or befitting) for anyone to leave the straight path which Allaah sent His Messenger with.  Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَأَنَّ هَـٰذَا صِرَٲطِى مُسۡتَقِيمً۬ا فَٱتَّبِعُوهُ‌ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُواْ ٱلسُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمۡ عَن سَبِيلِهِۦ‌ۚ ذَٲلِكُمۡ وَصَّٮٰكُم بِهِۦ لَعَلَّڪُمۡ تَتَّقُونَ

”And verily, this is my Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become pious’”[6:153]

Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood (radiyallaahu-anhu) reported that the Prophet (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) drew a line for us and said: ”This is Allaah’s Straight Path.” Then he drew lines to its right and left and then said: ”These are other paths. Upon every one of them there is a devil calling towards it.” Then he recited: وَأَنَّ هَـٰذَا صِرَٲطِى مُسۡتَقِيمً۬ا فَٱتَّبِعُوهُ‌ۖ وَلَا تَتَّبِعُواْ ٱلسُّبُلَ فَتَفَرَّقَ بِكُمۡ عَن سَبِيلِهِۦ‌  ”Indeed this is My Straight Path, so follow it. And do not follow other paths; they will separate you from His Path.” [Hadeeth reported by Imaam Ahmad  in Al-Musnad 4437]

Indeed Allaah has mentioned in Soorah Al-An’aam, Soorah Al-A’raaf and other them regarding the deeds the idol worshipers were rebuked for, when they made impermissible the things that Allaah (The Most High) have not declared impermissible, such as the Baahirah (i.e. a she-camel whose milk was spared for the idols and nobody was allowed to milk it) and the Saa’ibah (a she-camel let loose for free pasture for their false gods, e.g. idols, etc., and nothing was allowed to be carried on it).   They (also) made permissible those (deeds) which Allaah made impermissible, such as the killing of their children, and they instituted a religion which Allaah did not allow.   Allaah (The Most High) said:

أَمۡ لَهُمۡ شُرَڪَـٰٓؤُاْ شَرَعُواْ لَهُم مِّنَ ٱلدِّينِ مَا لَمۡ يَأۡذَنۢ بِهِ ٱللَّهُ‌ۚ

”Or have they partners with Allah (false gods), who have instituted for them a religion which Allah has not allowed.” [42:21]

And there were impermissible affairs which they established as acts of worship, such as shirk, and lewd behaviour, such as Tawaaf around the Kabah, whilst being naked.

To be continued In-Shaa-Allaah

 

[Source: Al-Ibaadaat Ash-Shar-iyyah Wal-Farq Baynahaa Wa Baynal Bid’ah (page 7-8). Abridged and partly paraphrased]

How would the slaves (Mankind and Jinn) know what Allaah loves….?

بِسۡمِ ٱللهِ ٱلرَّحۡمَـٰنِ ٱلرَّحِيمِ

Question:

How would the slaves (i.e. Mankind and Jinn) know what Allaah loves and what Allaah hates?

Answer:

They know it through Allaah sending the Messengers and revelation of the Books [i.e. the Zaboor, Tawraat, Injeel, and the Qur’aan (the final revelation)]— commanding what Allaah loves and is pleased with; and forbidding what Allaah hates and disdains.  And by way of this, Allaah’s irrefutable proofs are established against them (i.e. Mankind and Jinn) and His Perfect Wisdom is manifested.

Allaah (The Most High) said:

رُّسُلاً۬ مُّبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى ٱللَّهِ حُجَّةُۢ بَعۡدَ ٱلرُّسُلِ‌ۚ

”Messengers as bearers of good news as well as of warning in order that mankind should have no plea against Allah after the Messengers.” [4:165]

And Allaah (The Most High) said:

قُلۡ إِن كُنتُمۡ تُحِبُّونَ ٱللَّهَ فَٱتَّبِعُونِى يُحۡبِبۡكُمُ ٱللَّهُ وَيَغۡفِرۡ لَكُمۡ ذُنُوبَكُمۡ‌ۗ وَٱللَّهُ غَفُورٌ۬ رَّحِيمٌ۬

”Say (O Muhammad to mankind): “If you (really) love Allah then follow me (i.e. accept Islamic Monotheism, follow the Qur’an and the Sunnah), Allah will love you and forgive you of your sins. And Allah is Oft-Forgiving, Most Merciful.”  [3:31]

 

[Source: 200 hundred questions and answers on the Islamic creed by Haafidh Hakami (rahimahullaah) page: 14]  

What is the reason for which Allaah created the creation? – Haafidh Hakami

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Question: What is the reason for which Allaah created the creation?

Answer: Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَمَا خَلَقۡتُ ٱلۡجِنَّ وَٱلۡإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعۡبُدُونِ

And I (Allah) created not the jinns and humans except they should worship Me (Alone). [51:56]

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَخَلَقَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَلِتُجۡزَىٰ كُلُّ نَفۡسِۭ بِمَا ڪَسَبَتۡ وَهُمۡ لَا يُظۡلَمُونَ

‘’And Allah has created the heavens and the earth with truth, in order that each person may be recompensed what he has earned, and they will not be wronged.’’ [45:22]

Allaah (The Most High) said:

وَمَا خَلَقۡنَا ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٲتِ وَٱلۡأَرۡضَ وَمَا بَيۡنَہُمَا لَـٰعِبِينَ

مَا خَلَقۡنَـٰهُمَآ إِلَّا بِٱلۡحَقِّ وَلَـٰكِنَّ أَڪۡثَرَهُمۡ لَا يَعۡلَمُونَ

And We created not the heavens and the earth, and all that is between them, for mere play; We created them not except with truth (i.e. to examine and test those who are obedient and those who are disobedient and then reward the obedient ones and punish the disobedient ones), but most of them know not. [44:38-39]

[Source: 200 Questions and answers on Islamic Creed by Haafidh Hakami (rahimahullaah)]

Who was the first person to categorise Tawheed into three? Shaykh Fawzaan

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Question: Who was the first person to categorise Tawheed into three ie Tawheed of Lordship, Tawheed of Worship and Tawheed of Names and Attributes?

Shaykh Fawzan responded: 

Meaning you have doubt in this? The Categories of Tawheed are taken from the Qur’aan. All the verses which speaks about Creating, providing, giving life, causing death, these verses are about the Tawheed of Lordship…. and all the verses which speak about worship and shirk, then these (verses) are about Tawheed of Worship… and all the verses which speak about Allah’s names and attributes then they are about the Tawheed of Names and Attributes.

(Emphasising) They (the categories of Tawheed) are taken from the Quran.

From the lecture:

مظاهو ضعف العقيدة في وقتنا الحاضر و طرق علاجها