Tag: monotheism

Sound Belief and Righteous Deeds Are The Perfect and Permanent Solution to The Racial Abuse That Resurfaced Yesterday!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Sound Belief and Righteous Deeds Are The Perfect and Permanent Solution to The Racial Abuse That Resurfaced Yesterday!

 

Read PDF Below:

The Perfect and Permanent Solution to The Racial Abuse

 

[20] Basics -[Revising And Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: [Eemaan – The Greatest Obligation and Means to Every Good In This Life and The Next]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The Most Important Fundamentals: [Eemaan – The Greatest Obligation and Means to Every Good In This Life and The Next]

Eemaan_Greatest_Obligation

 

[17] Basics-[Revising And Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Importance of The Five Daily Prayers And a Warning Against Being Negligent Regarding Them)]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Importance of The Five Daily Prayers And a Warning Against Being Negligent Regarding Them

The_Prayer17

The five daily prayers is the second pillar of Islam and its greatest foundation after Tawheed [pure Islamic monotheism], and it is proof of one’s truthfulness. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّمَا يَعۡمُرُ مَسَـٰجِدَ ٱللَّهِ مَنۡ ءَامَنَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَأَقَامَ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ – The Mosques of Allah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allah and the Last Day; perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat)…] [Surah At-Tawbah. Verse 18]

The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The covenant between us and them (i.e. the disbelievers) is the prayer and whoever abandons it has disbelieved” . [Saheeh Al-Jaami 4143]. [Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/abandoning-the-prayer-is-from-the-most-dangerous-of-sins-imam-adh-dhahabi/ ]

The prayer is the first deed one will be questioned about on the day of judgement, so if it is accepted, then one will attain safety and success, but if rejected one will incur ruin and loss. There are numerous texts in the Qur’aan regarding the command to establish the prayer- to give it close attention, perform it at its prescribed times and a warning against being negligent regarding it. Allaah said: [حَـٰفِظُواْ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَٲتِ وَٱلصَّلَوٰةِ ٱلۡوُسۡطَىٰ وَقُومُواْ لِلَّهِ قَـٰنِتِينَ – Guard strictly (five obligatory) As­Salawat (the prayers) especially the middle Salat (i.e. the best prayer ­ ‘Asr). And stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 238]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [ وَأَقِيمُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَءَاتُواْ ٱلزَّڪَوٰةَ – And perform As-Salat (Iqamat-as-Salat), and give Zakat]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 110]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [إِنَّ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ كَانَتۡ عَلَى ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ كِتَـٰبً۬ا مَّوۡقُوتً۬ا – Verily, the prayer is enjoined on the believers at fixed hours]. [Surah An-Nisaa. Verse 10]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [وَأۡمُرۡ أَهۡلَكَ بِٱلصَّلَوٰةِ وَٱصۡطَبِرۡ عَلَيۡہَا‌ۖ -And enjoin As-Salat (the prayer) on your family, and be patient in offering them [i.e. the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Ta Ha. Verse 132]

Allaah [The Exalted] said: فَخَلَفَ مِنۢ بَعۡدِهِمۡ خَلۡفٌ أَضَاعُواْ ٱلصَّلَوٰةَ وَٱتَّبَعُواْ ٱلشَّہَوَٲتِ‌ۖ فَسَوۡفَ يَلۡقَوۡنَ غَيًّا – Then, there has succeeded them a posterity who have given up As-Salat (the prayers) [i.e. made their Salat (prayers) to be lost, either by not offering them or by not offering them perfectly or by not offering them in their proper fixed times, etc.] and have followed lusts. So they will be thrown in Hell]. [Surah Maryam. Verse 59]

Allaah [The Exalted] stated about the people of the hell fire that when they are asked: [مَا سَلَڪَكُمۡ فِى سَقَرَ – What has caused you to enter Hell? قَالُواْ لَمۡ نَكُ مِنَ ٱلۡمُصَلِّينَ – They will say, “We were not of those who used to offer their Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Al-Muddath-thir. Verses 42-43] [An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 57-58] Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

Virtue of The Asr Prayer In Particular

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [حَـٰفِظُواْ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَٲتِ وَٱلصَّلَوٰةِ ٱلۡوُسۡطَىٰ وَقُومُواْ لِلَّهِ قَـٰنِتِينَ – Guard strictly (five obligatory) As­-Salawat (the prayers) especially the Salaatul Wustaa (middle prayer – i.e. the best prayer ­ ‘Asr). And stand before Allah with obedience [and do not speak to others during the Salat (prayers)]. [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 238]

The Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever misses the Asr prayer [i.e. intentionally] until its time elapses, it is as if he has lost his family and his wealth”. (a)

Why is the Asr prayer specifically mentioned and not the other prayers?

The scholars say that perhaps the wisdom behind this is because the time of Asr is when the people are very busy in trade and roaming about in the markets. At present -سبحان الله – the time of Asr prayer is the hardest time for those engaged in professional occupations, because they return and relax in their houses and do not wake up until the time of Asr prayer elapses, so they are lackadaisical in this affair. The scholars say that the meaning of Salaatul Wustaa is the Asr prayer. It has been reported from the Messenger [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] that on the day of Al Ahzaab – the day of the battle of Al Khandaq when the Arab tribes gathered to fight the Muslims – he said, “O Allaah! Fill their (i.e. the disbelievers) houses and graves with fire, as they busied us so much that we did not perform the middle Salat [(prayer)- i.e. Asr prayer] till the sun had set”. (b)

The Asr prayer also has other specific virtues. The scholars say that it is the time in which the angels of the night and the angels of the day get together- the angels who accompany or guard the children of Aadam. There are two time periods in which the angels gather – the angels of the day time get together at the time of Fajr and accompany the children of Aadam from Fajr to Asr. And at Asr time, the angels of the night take over and accompany the children of Aadam from Maghrib to Ishaa, and at Fajr they change shifts. The proof of this is the hadeeth reported by Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “Angels come to you in succession by night and day, and all of them get together at the time of Fajr and Asr prayers. Those who have passed the night with you [or stayed with you] ascend [to the heaven] and Allaah asks them, though He knows everything about you, ‘’In what state did you leave my slaves?’’ The angels reply: ‘’When we left them, they were offering Salat (prayer) and when we reached them, they were offering Salat”. (c)

Allaah [Glorified be He and Free is He from all imperfections] said about the Fajr prayer: [وَقُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ ۖ إِنَّ قُرْآنَ الْفَجْرِ كَانَ مَشْهُودًا – And recite the Qur’an in the early dawn (i.e. the morning prayer). Verily, the recitation of the Qur’an in the early dawn is ever witnessed (attended by the angels in charge of mankind of the day and the night). The scholars say that the reason behind this is because it (i.e. Fajr time) is the time in which the angels of the night and the angels of the daytime get together and likewise at the time of Asr Salaah, for they are two time periods in which the angels change shifts in order to accompany the children of Aadam. Therefore, a Muslim should be eager to perform the Asr prayer at its correct time and if he is preoccupied (i.e. without a valid shariah excuse) until its time elapses, then it is as if he has lost all his family and wealth. [An Excerpt from Sharh Kitaab Wuqootis Salaah Min Muwatta Al-Imaam Maalik Bin Anas. pages 93 -95]


[Ref a: Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Number 552]
[Ref b: Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Number 2931]
[Ref c: Saheeh Al-Bukhari. Number 555]

 

 

[15] Basics- [Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Kufru Bimaa Yu’badu Min Doonil laah – Disbelief in Everything That Is Worshipped besides Allaah) Is the Eighth Condition of The Shahadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The eight condition of the Shahadah is Al-Kufru Bimaa Yu’badu  Min Doonil laah- to disbelieve in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah. The statement [Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] will not be accepted from a person unless he (or she) disbelieves in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah. Allaah [The Most High] stated that Prophet Ibraaheem [peace be upon him] said to his people:

إِنَّنِى بَرَآءٌ۬ مِّمَّا تَعۡبُدُونَ

إِلَّا ٱلَّذِى فَطَرَنِى

Verily, I am innocent of what you worship, except Him (i.e. I worship none but Allah Alone) Who did create me. [Surah Az-Zukhruf. Verses 26-27]

End of series. May Allaah include us amongst those who fulfil all the conditions of the Shahaadah and overlook our sins and shortcomings Aameen.

Next topic: Muhammad [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] is the Messenger of Allaah.


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 52. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

[14] Basics- [Revising and Revisiting the Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Qabool – Acceptance) Is the Seventh Condition of the Shahadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Al-Qabool – acceptance – is the seventh condition of the Shahada [Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] and it necessitates a negation of Ar-Radd – rejection. Allaah [The Most High] said:

إِنَّہُمۡ كَانُوٓاْ إِذَا قِيلَ لَهُمۡ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ يَسۡتَكۡبِرُونَ

وَيَقُولُونَ أَٮِٕنَّا لَتَارِكُوٓاْ ءَالِهَتِنَا لِشَاعِرٍ۬ مَّجۡنُونِۭ

Truly, when it was said to them, “There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah”,  they puffed themselves up with pride (i.e. denied it). And (they) said: “Are we going to abandon our deities for the sake of a mad poet? [Surah As-Saffaat. Verses 35-36]

So, Allaah mentioned that they refused to testify that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah. They refused to accept this statement, the pure monotheism it necessitates and to devote all the religion sincerely to Allaah alone.

Next topic: The eighth condition of the Shahaadah is Al-Kufru Bimaa Yu’badu Min Doonil laah – to disbelieve in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah.


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 52. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

 

[13] Basics – [Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Inqiyaad – Submission) Is The Sixth Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The sixth condition of the [Shahaadah (Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah) is Al-Inqiyaad (submission and compliance) which necessitates a negation of At-Tark (abandonment)].

Al-Inqiyaad is complete submission, compliance and fulfilment of Allaah’s commands. Laa ilaaha illal laah necessitates submission to Allaah – submission to Allaah’s divine revelation and obedience to Allaah’s commands. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

وَمَن يُسْلِمْ وَجْهَهُ إِلَى اللَّهِ وَهُوَ مُحْسِنٌ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ

And whosoever submits his face (himself) to Allah [i.e.(follows Allah’s Religion of Islamic Monotheism), worships Allah (Alone) with sincere Faith in the (1) Oneness of His Lordship,(2) Oneness of His worship, and (3) Oneness of His Names and Qualities], while he is a Muhsin (good-doer i.e. performs good deeds totally for Allah’s sake without any show-off or to gain praise or fame etc. and does them in accordance with the Sunnah of Allah’s Messenger Muhammad), then he has grasped the most trustworthy hand-hold [Laa ilaha illal-laah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah)]. [Surah Luqmaan. Verse 22]

Allaah [The Exalted] said:
وَأَنِيبُوا إِلَىٰ رَبِّكُمْ وَأَسْلِمُوا لَهُ

And turn in repentance and in obedience with true Faith (Islamic Monotheism) to your Lord and submit to Him, (in Islam). [Surah AZ-Zumar. Verse 54] – Meaning, submit yourselves and fulfil what you have been commanded.

Next topic: Al-Qabool [Acceptance is the seventh condition of the Shahaadah]


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 51. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

[12] Basics- [Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: (Al-Mahabbah–Love) is The Fifth Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The fifth condition of the [Shahaadah: Laa ilaaha illal laah -There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] is Al-Mahabbah (Love) which necessitates a negation of hatred and displeasure. Therefore, the who says the Shahaadah must love Allaah, love Allah’s Messenger, love the religion of Islaam, love those who establish the commands of Allaah and show his displeaure towards those who oppose Laa ilaaha illal laah- those who nullify it through polytheism, disbelief in Allaah and Allaah’s Messenger. [NB: refer detail clarification regarding this love and hate in this link, so that we neither fall into the extremism of the terrorists nor the negligence of the sinful compromisers: https://salaficentre.com/2021/02/07/al-walaa-wal-baraa-loyalty-and-disavowal-is-a-concept-of-modern-salafi-islam-brief-rebuttal-against-this-absurd-claim-of-some-of-the-bald-faced-liars-amongst-the-demagogues-ideologues-and-rabble/ ] [ https://www.abukhadeejah.com/living-with-non-muslims-in-the-west-with-fine-conduct/ ] [ https://soundcloud.com/salafi-publications/lesson-15-dealing-with-non-muslim-parents-al-adab-al-mufrad-by-abu-khadeejah]

Allaah stated regarding the difference between the love of the disbelievers and the believers:

وَمِنَ ٱلنَّاسِ مَن يَتَّخِذُ مِن دُونِ ٱللَّهِ أَندَادً۬ا يُحِبُّونَہُمۡ كَحُبِّ ٱللَّهِ‌ۖ وَٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُوٓاْ أَشَدُّ حُبًّ۬ا لِّلَّهِ

And of mankind are some who take (for worship) others besides Allah as rivals (to Allah). They love them as they love Allah. But those who believe, love Allah more (than anything else). [Surah Al-Baqarah. Verse 165]

The believers have a pure and sincere love for Allaah; but as for those who ascribe partners with Allaah, they have the same love for others which they have for Allaah, and because of this Allaah informed us that after entering the hell fire on the day of judgement, they will say:

تَٱللَّهِ إِن كُنَّا لَفِى ضَلَـٰلٍ۬ مُّبِينٍ
إِذۡ نُسَوِّيكُم بِرَبِّ ٱلۡعَـٰلَمِينَ

By Allah, we were truly in a manifest error, when We held you (false deities, objects of worship etc) as equals (in worship) with the Lord of the Aalameen (mankind, jinns and all that exists). [Surah Ash-Shu’araa. 97-98]

So, [Laa ilaaha illal laah – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] benefits a person when it is founded on loving Allaah, having love for this great statement and what it demonstrates, such as singling Allaah out in worship, devoting all the religion sincerely to Allaah, loving those who adhere to this statement and the deeds related to it. And one of the tremendous supplications that have been reported from the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon] is that he used to say:

وأَسْأَلُكَ حُبَّكَ وَحُبَّ مَنْ يُحِبُّكَ وَحُبَّ عَمَلٍ يُقَرِّبُنِي إِلَى حُبِّكَ

I ask you for Your love and the love of those who love you, and love of the deeds that will bring me close to Your love. [As-Saheehah 3169 By Imaam Al-Albaanee (may Allaah have mercy upon him]

Anas Bin Maalik [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith: The one to whom Allaah and Messenger becomes dearer than anything else; to love a person and loves him (or her) only for Allaah’s sake, and hates to revert to disbelief as he (or she) hates to be thrown into the fire”. [Al-Bukhaari 16]

So there are three affairs in this hadeeth: A foundation, the deed that emanates manifests from the foundation and a negation of the thing that is in opposition to what is established. Love of Allaah is the foundation, loving what Allaah loves is the thing that manifests from the foundation and hating to revert back to disbelief after being saved from it necessitates a negation of that which opposes the foundation.

Next topic: Al-Inqiyaad [Complete submission and compliance is the sixth condition of the Shahaadah]


[An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 50-51. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

 

[10] Basics- Revising and Revisiting The Most Important Fundamentals: [Al-Ikhlaas (Sincerity) Is The Third Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The third condition of the Shahaadah [Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] is Al-Ikhlaas [Sincerity] which necessitates a negation of Shirk [ascribing partners with Allaah in worship or devoting acts of worship to Allaah and others besides Allaah] and Riyaa (ref a) [to perform acts of worship only to be seen, praised etc].

Allaah [The Exalted] said: [وَمَآ أُمِرُوٓاْ إِلَّا لِيَعۡبُدُواْ ٱللَّهَ مُخۡلِصِينَ لَهُ ٱلدِّينَ – And they were commanded except to devote all the religion sincerely to Allaah (by abstaining from ascribing partners to Him)]. [Surah Al-Bayyinah 5]

Abu Hurairah [may Allaah be pleased with him] said that the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] said, “The happiest person who will receive my intercession on the day of judgement is the one who says [Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah [ خالصا من قلبه – purely from his (or her) heart] will enter paradise”. [Al-Bukhaari 99]

So, the Prophet [peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him] made it a condition that the Shahaadah must he accompanied with sincerity and that a person devotes acts of worship only to Allaah. Ponder upon the meaning of the word خالص in the Arabic language in the statement of Allaah [The Exalted]: وَإِنَّ لَكُمۡ فِى ٱلۡأَنۡعَـٰمِ لَعِبۡرَةً۬‌ۖ نُّسۡقِيكُم مِّمَّا فِى بُطُونِهِۦ مِنۢ بَيۡنِ فَرۡثٍ۬ وَدَمٍ۬ لَّبَنًا خَالِصً۬ا سَآٮِٕغً۬ا لِّلشَّـٰرِبِينَ – And verily! In the cattle, there is a lesson for you. We give you to drink of that which is in their bellies, from between excretions and blood, (لَّبَنًا خَالِصً۬ا – pure milk); palatable to the drinkers]. [Surah An-Nahl. 66]

[Khaalisan – خالصا]: meaning, pure, unadulterated, no other mixtures in it- neither blood nor excretions. Even though this milk exited between excretions and blood, it comes out completely pure and unadulterated. So, sincerity in worship to Allaah necessitates that worship is pure and unadulterated – devoted only to Allaah; but if devoted to Allaah and others, it is removed from this state of purity and will not be accepted by Allaah. This is why Allaah stated in the Hadeeth Al-Qudsee (ref b), “I am free from having any partner, so whoever performs an act of worship and associates others as partners with me (in it), I will reject the deed and the doer”. (ref c)

An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 49. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

————————————————————————————————————————————

Footnotes:

Ref a: Types of Riyaa: Read here: https://www.abukhadeejah.com/minor-and-major-hypocrisy-and-the-hypocrites-by-al-barbahaaree-explanation-of-al-fawzaan/

Ref b: What is Hadeeth Qudsee? Shaikh Abdul Waahid Abu Khadeejah [may Allaah preserve him] stated: “Some of the sayings are known as “Hadīth Qudsee”. These are Allāh’s words revealed to Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) that are not a part of the Qur’an. The difference between Prophetic Hadith and Hadith Qudsee is that the Prophetic Hadīth are the intent of Allah expressed in Muhammad’s words. The Hadith Qudsee are the Words of Allah directly stated upon the tongue of the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him). Example: Abu Hurairah said that the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said that Allāh said: “Spend in charity, O son of Adam! And I will spend on you.” It was collected by Bukhāree. The Hadith have as much authority as the Qur’an as shown in these verses: “Obey Allah and obey the Messenger,” and, “Whatever the Messenger gives you take it, and whatever he forbids for you, abstain from it”. https://www.abukhadeejah.com/the-hadith-and-the-sunnah-islam-1-7/

Ref c: Sharh Usool Al-Eemaan. page 27. By Shaikh Saaleh Aalah Ash-Shaikh [may Allaah preserve him]. 1st Edition. Publisher: Daar Al-Aasimah 1431AH (2010)

 

 

[9] Basics -Revisiting and Revising The Most Important Fundamentals: [Al-Yaqeen (Certainty) Is The Second Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The second condition of the Shahaadah [Laa ilaaha illal laah- There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] is Certainty which necessitates a negation of doubt. Certainty necessitates complete and perfect knowledge. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[إِنَّمَا ٱلۡمُؤۡمِنُونَ ٱلَّذِينَ ءَامَنُواْ بِٱللَّهِ وَرَسُولِهِۦ ثُمَّ لَمۡ يَرۡتَابُواْ – Only those are the believers who have believed in Allah and His Messenger, and afterward doubt not. (Surah Al-Hujuraat. 15)] – Meaning, they are certain and harbour no doubt. There has to be certainty in Eemaan, belief in pure Islamic monotheism and the sound creed, as well as the heart’s firmness upon that. But if a person is doubtful, his utterance of the Shahaadah will not be accepted. (1)

So, the one who utters Laa ilaaha illal laah must be absolutely certain of what it guides to. Allaah [The Exalted] said:

[إِنَّمَا يَسۡتَـٔۡذِنُكَ ٱلَّذِينَ لَا يُؤۡمِنُونَ بِٱللَّهِ وَٱلۡيَوۡمِ ٱلۡأَخِرِ وَٱرۡتَابَتۡ قُلُوبُهُمۡ فَهُمۡ فِى رَيۡبِهِمۡ يَتَرَدَّدُونَ – It is only those who believe not in Allah and the Last Day and whose hearts are in doubt that ask your leave (to be exempted from Jihad). So in their doubts they waver]. [Surah At-Tawbah. 45] (2)

Next topic: The third condition of the Shahaadah is Al-Ikhlaas [Sincerity]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt From: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. page 48. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

[Ref 2: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Qawl Al-Mufeed Fee Adillatit Tawheed’. page 28. By Shaikh Muhammad Bin Abdil Wahhaab Al-Wasaabee (may Allaah have mercy upon him)]

[8] Basics – Revisiting and Revising The Most Important Fundamentals: [Al-Ilm (Knowledge) Is The First Condition of The Shahaadah]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

The first condition of the [Shahaadah – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] is “Knowledge which necessitates a negation of Ignorance”. This means that one should know its meaning, what it negates and affirms, what it demonstrates in reality regarding the Oneness of Allaah, devotes all acts of worship to Allaah alone, sincerely devote all aspects of the religion to Allaah alone and disbelieve in everything that is worshipped besides Allaah. Therefore, “Knowledge which negates Ignorance” necessitates sound knowledge and an upright understanding of the statement [Laa Ilaaha Illal laah – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah] by way of which one is removed from the path of the ignorant ones, because this statement does not benefit the one who utters it without knowledge. Allaah [The Exalted] said: [فَٱعۡلَمۡ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا ٱللَّهُ وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لِذَنۢبِكَ وَلِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتِ‌ۗ – So know that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah, and ask forgiveness for your sin, and also for (the sin of) believing men and believing women. (Surah Muhammad. 19)]. So in this verse, Allaah mentioned knowledge first because it is the foundation. [Ref 1]

The one who makes this testimony requires knowledge and truthfulness, and must act upon what he has testified to. The scholars say that knowledge of this testimony removes a person from the path of those Chrsitians [who strayed after the departure of Prophet Eesaa (peace be upon him)] – those who act but have no knowledge, and from the path of those Jews [who strayed after the departure of Prophet Moosaa (peace be upon him)] – those who have knowledge but do not act, and truthfulness removes a person from the path of the hypocrites- those who claim that they believe but they have no certainty.

A person cannot be from the adherents of Tawheed [pure Islamic Montheism] until he fulfils the two pillars of Laa Ilaaha Illal laah: [لا إلهَ – There is no deity worthy of worship (i.e. Negation)] and [إلاَّ اللَّه – Except Alaah (i.e. Affirmation)]. The negation has to be comprehensive and the affirmation has to be specific – a comprehensive negation of all worship that is devoted to others besides Allaah and specific affirmation that only Allaah has the right to be worshipped. If a person utters the negation without the affirmation, then he is not an adherent of pure Islamic monotheism, and if he affirms without uttering the negation, then he is not an adherent of pure Islamic monotheism. If a person were to negate only by saying [لا إلهَ – There is no deity worthy of worship], then he is an atheist, and if he were to affirm that Allaah has the right to be worshipped without negating by saying that others do not have a right to be worshipped, then he is a polytheist. Therefore, one cannot be an adherent of Tawheed [pure Islamic Monotheism] until he testifies that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah.

And due to the mighty affair of this testimony [لا إلهَ إلاَّ اللَّه – There is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah], it is emphasised through the statement [وحْدهُ لاَ شَرِيكَ لهُ – alone, without partner]. The affirmation is emphasised through the statement [وحْدهُ – alone] and the negation is emphasised through the statement [لاَ شَرِيكَ له – without partner]. [Ref 2]

Then Allaah [The Exalted] said: [وَٱسۡتَغۡفِرۡ لِذَنۢبِكَ – And ask forgiveness for your sin]- Meaning, seek Maghfirah from Allaah [i.e. that Allaah erases your sins, hide them for you and protect you from the evil consequences of sins (Ref 2.1)], employ the means of attaining Maghfirah such as repentance and supplicating for Maghfirah, perform good deeds and abandon sins etc. [وَلِلۡمُؤۡمِنِينَ وَٱلۡمُؤۡمِنَـٰتِ‌ۗ – And for believing men and believing women]- Meaning, because indeed due to their Eemaan, every Muslim [male Muslim] and Muslimah [female] owe them rights and one of those rights they are owed is that one supplicates for them and ask Allaah to forgive them (i.e. erase their sins). [Ref 3]

Next topic: The Second Condition of the Shahaadah is “Al-Yaqeen” [Certainty]


[Ref 1: Source: Explanation of Important Lessons For The Muslim Ummah. pages 46-47. Maktabah Malik Al-Fahad 1436AH. (2015)]

[Ref 2: Source: An Excerpt from Sharh Kitaab At-Tawheed. Lesson 2. By Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr (may Allaah preserve him)]

[Ref 2.1: See Majmoo Al-Fataawaa Shaikhul Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah 14/140]

[Ref 3: Tafseer As-Sadi. slightly paraphrased]