Introduction

Taqi ud-Din an-Nabahani (1909-1977CE) is the founder of the group “Hizb ut-Tahrir“, the picture on the right – taken in his early years – indicates the traditional Azhari, Ash’ari early upbringing. He was an Ash’ari in aqidah (mixed with some of usool of the Mu’tazilah, Murji’ah and Qadariyyah). He is of Palestinian origin, coming from a Sufi family background. His maternal grandfather was Yusuf bin Ismaa’eel an-Nabahani, a fervent adherent of Tasawwuf and one who authored a book, “Shawaahid ul-Haqq fil-Istighaathah bi Sayyid il-Khalq“, arguing for the justification of seeking and calling upon the Prophet (sallallaahu alayhi wasallam) for rescue from calamity in those things in which only Allaah has power and ability. Given this family background (Ash’ari Sufi with Mu’tazili, Qadariyy usool) it is not surprising to see that in all the books of Taqi ud-Din an-Nabahani, the grandson, the discussion of Tawhid barely extends further than merely affirming Allaah’s existence and around nine or ten attributes (which is not the Tawhid that the Messengers came to establish).

Taqi ud-Din an-Nabahani authored a range of books outlining his own political philosophy including “Nidhaam ul-Islaam” and “ash-Shakhsiyyah al-Islaamiyyah“. Like those before him such as Hasan al-Banna and Sayyid Qutb, an-Nabahani was an Ash’ari, Maturidi in his aqidah and carried some of the usool of the Mu’tazilah, and Ash’ariyyah in his works. His goal, just like previous Ash’arites such as Hasan al-Banna and Sayyid Qutb, was the restoration of the khilaafah, and he just like them, considered all Muslim lands to be lands of kufr in which a revolution, ideological or otherwise, was obligatory. All of these ideologies of the 20th century came from Ash’ari, Maturidi, [Sufi] agitators who were far away from the creed (aqidah) of the Salaf, and were influenced – in their methodologies of reform – by the practical elements of the prevailing secular ideologies of their time, in particular Marxism and Leninism. When we come to realize that al-Nabahani was himself a Ba’thist Communist, his political ideology should no longer be surprising.

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