Tag: knowledge

A Similitude Regarding The Three Types of lands And Knowledge of The Sharee’ah

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Abu Moosaa [radiyallaahu-anhu] said that Allaah’s Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allaah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed the water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. [And] another portion of it was hard and held the water and Allaah benefited the people with it and they utilised it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land for cultivation.

[And] a portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation [so that land gave no benefits]. The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allaah’s religion and benefit [from the knowledge] which Allaah has revealed through me, learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allaah’s guidance revealed through me. [He is like that barren land]”. [Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 79. Book of Knowledge]

Imaam Muhammad Ibnu Saalih Al-Uthaymeen [rahimahullaah] said:

In this similitude, the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] said: “The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allaah has sent me with, is like abundant rain falling on the earth”. The earth [upon which the rain fell] is of three types: The First Type of Earth: It is the earth that absorbed the water and produced abundant grass and vegetation, so the people were benefited through that. The Second Type of Earth is a Plain: It retained the water and the people benefited from it.  They utilised it for drinking and as a source of irrigation [for their crops]. The Third Type of Earth: It absorbed the water but does not produce any benefit.  This is the relationship between the people and the knowledge and guidance with which the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] was sent with.

The First Category of People: Amongst them is one who has understanding of Allaah’s Religion. He learns and teaches- benefits the people and himself. This is similar to the earth that produces grass and vegetation, so that the people and animals eat from it.

The Second Category of People: They are a people who have been entrusted with the guidance, but they do not possess Fiqh [like the first category of people]. They transmit knowledge and Hadeeth amongst themselves, but they do not possess Fiqh [like the first group]. The similitude of these people is that of the earth that retained the water and the people were provided with water. They used it for drinking, their animals drank from it and they used it as a source of irrigation; but the earth does not produce anything.

The Third Category: The one who is not benefited by the knowledge and guidance given to the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam). He turns away and does not incline towards it.  He is neither benefited by that which the Prophet [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] was sent with nor does he benefit others. His similitude is that of the earth that absorbed the water, but does not produce anything.

Source: Ash-Shar’hul Ma’mool Li-imthaal- Ar-Rasool. pages 7-8

The Importance of Giving Close Attention to People And Nurturing Them Upon Sound knowledge After They Have Accepted Islaam

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh [hafidhahullaah] said:

Abu Waaqid Al-Laythee [radiyallaahu-anhu] said, “We went out with the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] to the [military] campaign to Hunayn, while we were new converts from disbelief to [Islaam]. The idol worshippers had a lote tree in [whose vicinity] they used to stay and hang their weapons, and it was called Dhaat Anwaat. So when we went pass a tree, we said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Set up a Dhat Anwat for us just as they have a Dhaat Anwaat’. So the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alahi-wasallam] said, ‘Allaah is the Greatest! This is a path that has proceeded [from the people of the past]. By Allaah in whose Hand my soul is! You have stated just as the children of Israa’eel stated to Moosaa [alayhis-salaam], ‘O Moosaa! Make for us a god as they have’. He (Moosaa) said, ‘Verily, you are a people who know not (the Majesty and Greatness of Allah and what is obligatory upon you, i.e. to worship none but Allah Alone, the One and the Only God of all that exists)’”. [Reported by Ahmad and Tirmidhee and it is a sound hadeeth.]

Those new Muslims wanted to perform that act of worship in that particular place and (also) to seek blessings, so the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] referred to what they sought after as worship of another deity besides Allaah. The act they sought after is a means to Shirk, but after the Messenger of Allaah [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] clarified the affair for them, they turned in repentance and obedience. [Ref 1]

Shaikh Abdur Razzaaq Al-Badr [hafidhahullaah] said,

“This shows the importance of giving concern to teaching new Muslims the religion because they are more vulnerable to Shubhah [i.e. matters that resemble the truth but are false in reality]”. [Ref 2]


[Ref 1: An Excerpt from ‘Al-Min’dhaar Fee Bayaani Katheer Minal Akhtaa Ash-Shaa’i’ah page: 11’. slightly paraphrased]

[Ref 2: Sharh Fadl Al-Islaam. Lesson 3]

A Brief Reminder to All Trustees and Admins of Masaajid of Salafiyyah Regarding Preoccupation With Admin Issues At The Expense of Increasing In Knowledge And Sound Understanding

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

We have witnessed – in the past – when some Trustees of Masaajid and Centres strayed from the right path – either became engrossed in Admin Issues and their Dunya Affairs at the expense of Ilm and sound understanding, emotionally captured by the mention of their Early Achievements, or they stagnated and became obstacles for some time whilst The Upright Scholars and Students dealt with a new category of people who attempted to defile the Salafi Manhaj with Ghuluww, such as the likes of Al-Hajooree, and the proponents of Tamyee, such as the likes of Al-Maribi.

If Maintainers of Maraakiz are not from The Asaateedh – Those Who Prepare and Deliver Lessons, then what excuse can we give for being constantly absent from those lessons we arrange for our communities?! Rather, we should be the first to attend those lessons and being consistent. Likewise, the recognised Tullaabul Ilm have a great responsibility to teach the people, because when there is a prolonged absence of Ilm and fitna suddenly occurs, many people fall into error; but when the local Tullaabul Ilm are active in nurturing the community upon sound Aqeedah and Manhaj, connecting with the other Maraakiz and elder teachers, then indeed – after the Tawfeeq of Allaah, we find the people being well-informed and alert, ready to listen and understand the Tawjeehaat of the scholars and the elder students. Let not any Taalibul Ilm be complacent regarding the respect he receives from the people, because we have witnessed – many times – that when people carry shubuhaat and are convinced by the deviants, then indeed that respect they have for you disappears, and thus you find yourself in greater difficulty whilst seeking to give clarifications; therefore nurture the people regularly by way of constant duroos and sittings, so that they are well informed and alert. Let us not be complacent as Shaikh Rabee [may Allaah preserve him] stated, “It is obligated on the people of truth to exercise patience and increase in adhering to this religion of truth. Whenever the desires become abundant, it becomes necessary to increase in acquainting (oneself) with the truth and adhering to it, as the Messenger (alayhis salaatu was-salaam) said: ‘The one who lives long amongst you will see a lot of differences, so upon you is that you follow my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided khulafaa. Bite onto it with your molar teeth (i.e. hold onto it firmly) and beware of newly invented matters (in the religion), for every newly invented matter (in the religion) is a bidah and every bidah is misguidance'”.

[Majmoo 14/294 (3rd paragraph)]

Likewise, we are well aware of the statement of Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [rahimahullaah] regarding the virtue of those who know the religion in detail. Imaam Ibnul Qayyim [reahimahullaah] said:

Allaah [The Most High] said:[ وَكَذَٲلِكَ نُفَصِّلُ ٱلۡأَيَـٰتِ وَلِتَسۡتَبِينَ سَبِيلُ ٱلۡمُجۡرِمِينَ – And thus do We explain the Ayat (proofs, evidences, verses, lessons, signs, revelations, etc.) in detail, so that the way of the Mujrimun (criminals, polytheists, sinners) become manifest. [Surah Al-An’aam. Aayah 55]

Those who know Allaah, His Book and His Religion are acquainted with the path of the believers and that of the criminals in detail- the two paths are clearly visible to them, just as a path leading to its destination and the path leading to destruction are made clearly visible. They are the most knowledgeable amongst the creation- the ones who benefit [the people] the most, the ones with the most useful advice and they are an evidence of right guidance. This is why the Sahaabah have excelled all those to come after them until the Day of Judgment, for indeed they were brought up upon the path of misguidance, shirk and paths leading to destruction, and they knew them in detail; then the Messenger [sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam] came to them and took them out from darkness [an entered them] into complete light- from shirk into Tawheed; from ignorance into knowledge; from misguidance into guidance; from injustice into justice; from confusion and blindness into guidance and clear-sightedness. They knew the worth of that which they received and were triumphant by way of it.  [They knew the worth] of that which was contained in what they [received], since what is in opposition to the [truth and right guidance] reveals the goodness of what it opposes, because [upright] affairs are made clear by way of their opposites. So they increased in desire and love of that which they embraced, disliked and hated that which they had turned away from. And of all the people, they had the most love for Tawheed, Imaan and Islaam, and had the most hatred for that which was in opposition to it.  They were the most knowledgeable of the path in detail.

As for those who came after the Sahaabah, amongst them is that one who was brought up in Islaam but knows not what is in opposition to it. Therefore, some of the details of the path of the believers and that of the criminals became confusing to him, for indeed confusion occurs due to the weakness of one’s knowledge regarding both paths or one of them, as Umar Ibnul Khattaab [radiyallaahu-anhu] said: “The bonds of Islaam will be undone one after the other when a people who grew up in Islaam know not what Jaahiliyyah [Pre-Islamic Ignorance] is.’’ This [statement shows an aspect of] Umar’s perfect knowledge [of Islaam].

And there is that one who is neither acquainted with the path of the criminals nor has it been made clear to him, or he has doubts and thus thinks that some of their ways are from the ways of the believers. This has occurred in this Ummah in many affairs of Aqeedah, Knowledge and Action regarding the path of the criminals, the disbelievers and the enemies of the Messengers, [which] was brought into the path of the believers by the one who does not know the [detailed distinction between] the path of believers and the path of the criminals, so he called to [this path], excommunicate the one in opposition and declares lawful that which Allaah and His Messenger made unlawful, just as what has occurred with many of the people of bidah, such as the Jahmiyyah, the Qadariyyah, the Khawaarij, the Rawaafid and their ilk- among those who initiated an innovation, called to it and excommunicated those who opposed it.

The people are four categories in this subject matter [i.e. the obligation of having knowledge of the path of the believers and that of the criminals in detail].

The First Group: They are those who know the path of the believers and that of the criminals in detail-in both knowledge and action. They are the most knowledgeable amongst the creation.

The Second Group: They are those who are blind to both paths- those resembling animals. The path of the criminals comes [to them] and they follow it.

The Third Group: It is that one who concerns himself with (seeking) knowledge of the path of the believers and not its opposite. He only knows (the path of the criminals) by way of its opposition to the (path of the believers) and in a general way, and [holds] that all that is in opposition to the path of the believers is falsehood, even though that is not illustrated to him in detail.  Rather, when he hears some of that which contradicts the path of the believers, he turns away and does not preoccupy himself in understanding and knowing its falsity.  This person is in a state (similar) to one who is safeguarded from following desires- whose heart is neither put at risk nor is he called to (such desires), as opposed to those who are aware of (such desires) and their souls are inclined towards them, but they strive against it for the Sake of Allaah. A letter was written to Umar Ibnul Khattaab (radiyallaahu-anhu) and he was asked about this affair, as to which of the two men is the better- a man who is not put at risk by way of desires and does not go through its difficulties, or a man who is pushed towards it but abandons it for the Sake of Allaah?  Umar (radiyallaahu-anhu) wrote back saying: The one who is desirous of sin but abandons it for the Sake of Allaah is from ‘those whose hearts Allaah has tested for piety. For them there is forgiveness and a great reward.’ [Surah Hujuraat. Ayah: 3]

The Fourth Group: This group knows the path of evil, bidah and kufr in detail and the path of the believers in general. This is the situation of many of those who concern themselves with the beliefs of the previous nations and that of the people of bidah. They are acquainted with (these affairs) in detail, but not with what the Messenger (sallal-laahu-alayhi-wasallam) came with; rather they are acquainted with it in general even though they may know some of its affairs in detail. Whoever examines their books will see that. Likewise, those who know the paths of evil, oppression and corruption in detail and are followers of it; if they repent, abandon these (affairs) and return to the path of the pious believers, then their knowledge of it will only be general.  They will not be acquainted with it in that detailed manner known to those who spend their lives (studying) its regulations and ways.

The Objective: Indeed, Allaah (Glorified be He) loves that one should know the path of His enemies in order to avoid and hate it, just as the path of the His awliyaa (close friends) is known and followed. [An Excerpt from ‘Al-Fawaa’d pages 167-180’. slightly paraphrased]

Finally, we ask Allaah to make us sincere and upright, act upon what we learn and overlook our shortcomings Aameen. And we remind the local Tullaabul Ilm regarding the following admonition by Shaikh Saaleh Aala Ash-Shaikh [hafidhahullaah]. [This Is Not An Era of Relaxation, Sleep And Amusement!

https://salaficentre.com/2020/08/01/this-is-not-an-era-of-relaxation-sleep-and-amusement-a-brief-and-powerful-reminder-to-students-of-knowledge-by-shaikh-saaleh-aala-ash-shaikh/

Three Types of Scholars And Their Knowledge – [Food For Thought For Tullaabul Ilm]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy.

Ibn Abee Shaybah [rahimahullaah] reported in Al-Musannaf and Abu Nu’aym [rahimahullaah] in Al-Hilya [5/12] with an authentic chain from Abu Muslim Al-Khawlaani [rahimahullaah], who said, “The scholars are three types: a man who lives with his knowledge and the people live with it alongside him, and a man who lives with his knowledge and none else lives with it alongside him. As for the third man, the people live with his knowledge and it destroys him”.

Shaikh Abdullaah Al-Bukhaari [hafidhahullaah] said,

“The intent behind this speech: Indeed the first [man] knows, acts and teaches. As for the second, he knows and acts, but does not teach. As for the third, he knows and teaches, but does not act! We ask Allaah for steadfastness and well-being”.

[المقالات الشرعية– pages: 23-24]

Few Masaa’il From Three Ahaadeeth Regarding: Taking Turns to Attend Gatherings of Knowledge, The Different Levels of The Sahaabah in Memorization And a Defence of Abu Abu Hurairah

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Umar [radiyallaahu anhu] narrated: My Ansaari neighbour from Bani Umayya bin Zaid who used to live at ‘Al-Awaalee Al-Madeenah and I used to visit the Prophet [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] by turns. He used to go one day and I another day. When I went, I used to bring the news of that day regarding the Divine Revelation and other things, and when he went, he used to do the same for me.
[Bukhaari. Number 89]

Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu anhu] said: People say that I have narrated many Ahaadeeth [the Prophet’s narrations]. Had it not been for two Verses in the Qur’an, I would not have narrated a single Hadeeth, and the Verses are: “Verily, those who conceal the clear proofs, and evidences and the guidance, which We have sent down, after We have made it clear for the people in the Book, they are the ones cursed by Allah and cursed by the cursers. Except those who repent and do righteous deeds, and openly declare [the truth which they concealed]. These, I will accept their repentance. And I am the One Who accept repentance, the Most Merciful.” [Surah Al-Baqarah’ Aayaat 159-160]. And no doubt our Muhaajir [emigrant] brothers used to be busy in the market with their business [bargains] and our Ansaari brothers used to be busy with their property [agriculture]. But I used to stick to Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam], contented with what will fill my stomach and I used to attend that which they used not to attend and I used to memorize that which they used not to memorize.
[Bukhaari Number 118]

Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu anhu] said: I said to Allaah’s Messenger. “I hear many narrations from you but I forget them.” Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “Spread your Rida’ [garment].” I did accordingly and then he moved his hands as if filling them with something [and emptied them in my Rida’] and then said, “Take and wrap this sheet over your body.” I did it and after that I never forgot anything. Narrated Ibraaheem bin AI-Mundhir: Ibn Abee Fudaik narrated the same as above. [Bukhaari. Number Hadith 119]

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Al-Arba’oonah Hadeethaa Fee Fee Uloomil Hadeeth. pages 34-35. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

 

The Happiest Person Who Will Gain The Prophet’s Intercession On The Day of Judgement

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Abu Hurairah [radiyallaahu anhu] narrated that he said, “O Allaah’s Messenger! Who will be the happiest person, who will gain your intercession on the Day of Resurrertion?” Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] said, “O Abu Hurairah! I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your eagerness to [learn] the Hadeeth. The happiest person who will have my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be the one who said sincerely from [the bottom of] his heart ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah’ [none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah]

Saheeh Al-Bukhaari. Hadeeth Number 99

Some Masaa’il From Thus Hadeeth

[1] Eagerness to listen to the narration of Hadeeth

[2] Seeking to listen to narration of Hadeeth and asking about it.

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Source: Ar’ba’oonah Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Hadeeth’ page 29.

By Shaikh Muhummad Baazmool

[Hafidhahullaah]

[9] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan -[The Messenger’s Supplication For Ibn Abbaas]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Ibn Abbaas narrated: Allaah’s Messenger [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] placed his hand on my shoulder and said, “O Allaah! Grant him understanding in religion and teach him the interpretation of the Qur’aan.”

Musnad Ahmad 2397

Few Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[Proof regarding]:

[1] Ibn Abbaas’s [radiyallaahu anhu] knowledge in the subject matter of Tafseer of the Qur’aan.

[2] The different levels of the Mufassireen.

[3] Explanation of the Great Qur’aan by the Sahaabah.

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Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. page 121 By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah Slightly paraphrased]

[8] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Hadeeth Narrated By Abu Dhar Regarding The Fact That The Messenger Clarified All Affairs Needed By The Ummah Until The Day of Judgement]

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Abu Dharr [radiyallaahu anhu] said: “Allaah’s Messenger [sallallaahu alayhi wasallam] did not even leave a bird flapping its wings in the sky except that he mentioned to us knowledge regarding it.
[Reported by Imaam Ahmad in Al-Musnad 21439 & it is a Hasan Hadeeth]

 

Few Masaa’il Derived From This Hadeeth

[1] Indeed, the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified everything that the Sahaabah needed in relation to knowledge of that which is going to take place in future. Al-Mugheerah Ibn Shu’bah [radiyallaahu anhu] said: “Allaah’s Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] stood amongst us for a long time and then informed us about what will take place in his Ummah until the Day of Judgement. Some of us remembered it, and some of us forgot it.
[Report Imaam Ahmad in Al-Musnad 18224 & it is Saheeh Li- Ghayrihee]

 

[2] The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified everything that was unknown to the Sahaabah regarding the meanings of the [Aayaat of the] Qur’aan.

 

[3] The different levels of the Sahaabah in relation to their knowledge of the Messenger’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] Ahaadeeth.

 

[4] Knowledge regarding the different levels of the Mufassireen.

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Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan’ page 97. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]

[3] Series: Ahaadeeth Related to Uloom Al-Qur’aan – [Few Fawaa’id Extracted From a Hadeeth Reported By Ibn Abbaas Regarding The Aayah: ‘Move Not Your Tongue Concerning (The Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to Make Haste Therewith’

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

Narrated Sa’eed bin Jubair: Ibn ‘Abbaas in the explanation of the Statement of Allaah: ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith.’
[Surah Al-Qiyaamah’ Aayah 16] said, “Allaah’s Messenger used to bear the revelation with great stress and hardness, and used to move his lips (quickly with the Revelation) .” Ibn ‘Abbaas moved his lips saying, “I am moving my lips (in front of you) as Allah’s Messenger used to move his.” Sa’eed moved his lips saying: “I am moving my lips, as I have seen Ibn ‘Abbas moving his.” [Ibn ‘Abbaa added], “So Allaah revealed, ‘Move not your tongue concerning (the Qur’aan, O Muhammad;) to make haste therewith. It is for Us to collect it and give you (O Muhammad the ability to recite it (the Qur’aan), [which means that Allaah will make him (the Prophet;) remember the portion of the Qur’an which was revealed at that time by heart and recite it]. The Statement of Allah: ‘And when We have recited it to you [O Muhammad ; through JibrIl (Gabriel)] then follow you its (the Qur’an’s) recital’ (V.75:18) (means ‘listen to it and be silent’). ‘Then it is for Us (Allah) to make it clear to you’ (V.75:19) means then it is (for Allah) to make you recite it (and its meaning will be clear by itself through your tongue). Afterwards, Allah’s Messenger used to listen to Jibril whenever he came and after his departure he used to recite it as Jibril had recited it.
[Saheeh al-Bukhaari’ Hadeeth Number 5]

Some Masaa’il Related To This Hadeeth

[1] The revelation of the great Qur’aan

[2] The Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] clarified [all affairs related to] the great Qur’aan through recitation and reading, and he clarified it by explaining its meanings,  its application and how to act upon it. Allaah said:
And We have also sent down unto you (O Muhammad) the reminder and the advice (the Qur’an), that you may explain clearly to the people what is sent down to them, and that they may give thought.
[Surah An-Nahl’ Aayah 44]

[3] Jibreel [alayhis salaam] was the one [whom Allaah] entrusted with the responsibility to convey the revelation to the Messenger [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam]. Allaah described Jibreel saying:

 ”He [the Messenger – Muhammad] has been taught [this Qur’an] by one mighty in power [Jibrael (Gabriel)]. Dhu Mirrah [free from any defect in body and mind], Fastawa [then he (Jibrael – Gabriel) rose and became stable].
[Surah An-Najm’ Aayaat 5-6][4] One has to move his tongue when reciting the Qur’aan.
[5] One of the etiquettes to be observed is that one should not busy himself [or herself]  with anything else when listening to the reading and recitation of the Qur’aan, and [also] even when its Aayaat are repeated.

[6] Allaah [The Most High] guaranteed that the noble Qur’aan will be protected [from all distortions till the end of time] and [also guaranteed that] all of it is preserved in the Messenger’s [sallal laahu alayhi wasallam] heart.

Source: Arba’oona Hadeethaa Fee Uloomil Qur’aan. pages 16 – 17. By Shaikh Muhammad Baazmool [hafidhahullaah]
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