He called them to Imaan but they called him to disbelief!

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

 

Allaah (The Most High) informed us in Surah Ghaafir [Aayaat 41-44] that the believer said:

[وَيَـٰقَوۡمِ مَا لِىٓ أَدۡعُوڪُمۡ إِلَى ٱلنَّجَوٰةِ ] ”O my people! How is that I call you to salvation” by way of what I say to you; [وَتَدۡعُونَنِىٓ إِلَى ٱلنَّار ] ”while you call me to the fire” in order that (I) may abandon following the Prophet of Allaah Moosaa (alayhis-salaam).

Then he (the believer) explained: [تَدۡعُونَنِى لِأَڪۡفُرَ بِٱللَّهِ وَأُشۡرِكَ بِهِۦ مَا لَيۡسَ لِى بِهِۦ عِلۡمٌ۬ ] “You invite me to disbelieve in Allaah (and in His Oneness), and to join partners in worship with Him; of which I have no knowledge” and that it deserves to be worshiped besides Allaah, when speaking about Allaah without knowledge is from the greatest of sins and most repugnant of (affairs).

[وَأَنَا۟ أَدۡعُوڪُمۡ إِلَى ٱلۡعَزِيزِ ٱلۡغَفَّـٰرِ] “And I invite you to the All-Mighty, the Oft-Forgiving!”– The one that owns all power and others besides him do not have control over anything. The one that when His slaves transgress against themselves and act in a manner that incurs wrath, but then if they repent and turn to Him in repentance, submission and obedience, He expiates their evil deeds and sins, and prevents what such (sins and acts of disobedience) necessitate of punishment in this life and the next.

[لَا جَرَمَ] ”No doubt”; That is: In truth and with certainty that [أَنَّمَا تَدۡعُونَنِىٓ إِلَيۡهِ لَيۡسَ لَهُ ۥ دَعۡوَةٌ۬ فِى ٱلدُّنۡيَا وَلَا فِى ٱلۡأَخِرَةِ ] ”You call me to (worship) one who cannot grant (me) my request (or respond to my invocation) in this world or in the Hereafter;” That is: It is neither worthy of being invoked nor is (worthy) that protection is sought from it–neither in the world nor in the Hereafter due to its weakness and dificiency. Indeed it neither owns the power of benefit nor harm, and it neither owns the power to cause death nor give life, nor (the power) to resurrect.

[وَأَنَّ مَرَدَّنَآ إِلَى ٱللَّهِ ] ”And our return will be to Allaah” [The Most High] and He will reward every doer of deeds for his deeds.

[وَأَنَّ ٱلۡمُسۡرِفِينَ هُمۡ أَصۡحَـٰبُ ٱلنَّارِ ] ”And the (polytheists and arrogant one, those who commit great sins, the transgressors of Allaah’s set limits)! They shall be dwellers of the Fire!

So after he advised, warned and cautioned them, but they neither obeyed him nor agreed with him; he said to them:

[فَسَتَذۡكُرُونَ مَآ أَقُولُ لَڪُمۡۚ] ”And you will remember what I am telling you” concerning this advice and you shall see the consequences for not accepting it, when the punishment befalls you and you are deprived of much reward.

[وَأُفَوِّضُ أَمۡرِىٓ إِلَى ٱللَّهِۚ] ”And my affair I leave it to Allah;” That is: I turn to him; I seek shelter from Him and place all my affairs in His Hands.  I rely on Him for my well-being and in repelling the harm I receive from you or others besides yourselves.

[إِنَّ ٱللَّهَ بَصِيرُۢ بِٱلۡعِبَادِ ] ”Verily, Allah is the All-Seer of (His) slaves.” He knows their state of affairs and what they deserve.  He knows my state of affairs and weakness, so He will protect me against you and He suffices me against your evil.  He knows your state of affairs and you cannot act except by His Pre-decree and Will. If you overpower me, then it will be wisdom from Him (The Most High) and that will occur due to His Pre-decree and Will.

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[Slightly paraphrased and abridged: for further details, see Tayseer Al-Kareem Ar-Rahmaan Fee Tafseer kalaam Al-Mannaan of Imaam Sadi]

May Allaah reward our brother Dawud [Markaz Mu’aadh (Slough)] for sending us these Aayaat as a reminder, so we decided to bring some few words of Imaam Sadi regarding them.  We ask Allaah to include us amongst those who leave this worldly whilst being steadfast upon His Religion…Aameen.

 

 

 

It is obligatory to believe (in and acknowledge) everything stated by Allaah and His Messengers–Imaam Sadi (rahimahullaah)

Allaah (The Most High) said:

قُلۡ صَدَقَ ٱللَّهُ‌ۗ

”Say (O Muhammad): “Allah has spoken the truth.” [3: 95]

وَمَنۡ أَصۡدَقُ مِنَ ٱللَّهِ قِيلاً۬

”And whose words can be truer than those of Allah? (Of course, none).” [4: 122]

وَلَا يُنَبِّئُكَ مِثۡلُ خَبِيرٍ۬

”And none can inform you (O Muhammad) like Him Who is the All-Knower (of each and everything).” [35: 14]

قُلۡ أَىُّ شَىۡءٍ أَكۡبَرُ شَہَـٰدَةً۬‌ۖ قُلِ ٱللَّهُ‌ۖ

”Say (O Muhammad): “What thing is the most great in witness?” Say: “Allah (the Most Great!) is Witness between me and you.’‘[6:19]

 

لَّـٰكِنِ ٱللَّهُ يَشۡہَدُ بِمَآ أَنزَلَ إِلَيۡكَ‌ۖ أَنزَلَهُ ۥ بِعِلۡمِهِۦ‌ۖ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ يَشۡهَدُونَ‌ۚ وَكَفَىٰ بِٱللَّهِ شَہِيدًا

”But Allah bears witness to that which He has sent down (the Qur’an) unto you (O Muhammad), He has sent it down with His Knowledge, and the angels bear witness. And Allah is All-Sufficient as a Witness.’‘ [4:166]

 

شَهِدَ ٱللَّهُ أَنَّهُ ۥ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ وَٱلۡمَلَـٰٓٮِٕكَةُ وَأُوْلُواْ ٱلۡعِلۡمِ قَآٮِٕمَۢا بِٱلۡقِسۡطِ‌ۚ لَآ إِلَـٰهَ إِلَّا هُوَ ٱلۡعَزِيزُ ٱلۡحَڪِيمُ

”Allah bears witness that La ilaha illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), and the angels, and those having knowledge (also give this witness); (He is always) maintaining His creation in Justice. La ilah illa Huwa (none has the right to be worshipped but He), the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [3: 18]

The Aayaat (concerning) this mighty affair are many, and they are indications to the clearest proofs that the most obligatory of obligations upon the slaves is that they should believe and testify to everything Allaah (The Most High) has stated about Himself–regarding His perfect Attributes and that which He negated from Himself regarding attributes of deficiency, and that Allaah is more knowledgeable of that than His creation. His testimony is the greatest testimony, and what He has stated about Himself and everything else is of the highest degree of truthfulness. So this makes it obligatory on the slave that he (or she) does not enter the least of doubt in his (or her) heart regarding any information given by Allaah. He (or she) is to place that (information) in his (or her) as a firm creed which can neither be opposed by anything in opposition nor blemished by (any) doubt.

He (or she) should know with certain knowledge that it is not possible for anything to (rightfully) oppose the information given by Allaah and His Messenger, and everything that opposes and negates it-regardless what type of knowledge that is- is self-evident falsehood. (It is) false in its judgement and there is nothing to be (considered) sound that can be in opposition to what Allaah has stated.

[Also these Aayaat (3:95; 4:122; 35:14; 6:19; 4:166; 3: 18 etc)] indicate towards the greatest proof that the one who establishes his (or her) creed solely on the information given by Allaah and His Messenger, then indeed he (or she) has established it upon a strong foundation; rather he (or she) has established it on the foundation of all sound foundations even if opponents were appointed or decreed for it.

And how can this not be the case [i.e. that he (or she) is established upon the basis of all sound foundations] when it is the (fact that) the sound intellectual proofs, the sound innate uncorrupted human disposition, the sound uncorrupted paths of comprehension and the sound uncorrupted human (self, frame of mind etc) are all in support of the information given by Allaah and His Messengers—testifying to the truthfulness of that which Allaah and His Messengers have stated and its benefits. And because of this Allaah has praised the people of sound understanding amongst the creation because they establish their creed based on this foundation. (Allaah informed us that they say):

 

رَّ‌بَّنَا إِنَّنَا سَمِعْنَا مُنَادِيًا يُنَادِي لِلْإِيمَانِ أَنْ آمِنُوا بِرَ‌بِّكُمْ فَآمَنَّا ِ‌

“Our Lord! Verily, we have heard the call of one (Muhammad) calling to Faith: ‘Believe in your Lord,’ and we have believed.” [3: 193]

 

وَقَالُوا سَمِعْنَا وَأَطَعْنَا

”And they say, “We hear, and we obey.’‘ [2: 285)

 

 الَّذِينَ يَسْتَمِعُونَ الْقَوْلَ فَيَتَّبِعُونَ أَحْسَنَهُ ۚ أُولَـٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ هَدَاهُمُ اللَّـهُ ۖ وَأُولَـٰئِكَ هُمْ أُولُو الْأَلْبَابِ

Those who listen to the Word [good advice La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah) and Islamic Monotheism, etc.] and follow the best thereof (i.e. worship Allah Alone, repent to Him and avoid Taghut, etc.) those are (the ones) whom Allah has guided and those are men of understanding (like Zaid bin ‘Amr bin Nufail, Salman Al-Farisi and Abu Dhar Al-Ghifari). [39:18]

 

And from this one knows that the innovated statements and creeds of the futile  people of philosophical rhetoric have neither been given any authority by Allaah nor are they based on the Qur’aan and the Sunnah; rather they are founded on the intellects of those whose mistakes and deviation is known. (Their views) are the most futile of all futilities and the most foolish of all foolish affairs because they turn away from the information given by Allaah and His Messengers—deceived by their souls that call to evil and abandoned to their intellects, which have neither been purified by the realities of Imaan nor have they been nourished with sound Imaan and firm certainty.

This foundation (i.e. belief and testifying to all the information given Allaah and His Messengers) is enough to refute all the statements of the people of deviation with a clear observation, whilst being acquainted with the falsehood (of such statements) in detail. That is because when we know that (these statements) are in opposition to the clear revealed Islamic texts and the  sound unambiguous proofs transmitted by (the scholars from the Book, the Sunnah and the Salaf), then we will know their futility. And that is because anything that opposes the truth is falsehood and that which is in opposition to truthfulness is a lie.

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[Source: Fat-hul Raheem Al-Malikil Allaam Fee Ilmil Aqaa-id Wat-Tawheed Wal Akhlaaq Wal-Ahkaam Al-Mustanbatu Minal Qur’aan’ page: 9-10. Abridged and slightly paraphrased]

 

[1] Parents and Teachers – [Few tips on nurturing Children] – Imaam Ibnul Qayyim

And from that which a child is greatly in need of is that his (or her) manners are given attention; for indeed he (or she) is brought up upon the nurturing of his (or her) nurturer during childhood—be it (traits of) fury and anger, stubbornness, hastiness,  being quick in following his (or her) desires, heedlessness, excitement and greed. It becomes difficult for him (or her) to break away from this in his (or her) adulthood, and thus these mannerisms become firmly grounded characteristics and personalities in him (or her). If he (or she) does not take great precaution against them, it will shame him (or her) someday. So because of this you find that many people are deviated in their manners and this occurs due to the manner in which they were brought up.

And due to this it is obligatory that when the child reaches that age in which he (or she) becomes conscious of good and bad, he (or she) is kept away from gatherings of jest and falsehood, music and listening to lewd speech, bidah and evil speech. That is because if he (or she) is accustomed to listening to these things, it becomes difficult for him (or her) to part from them in adulthood, and it becomes difficult for the one in charge of his (or her) affairs to keep him (or her) away from it—because to change one’s habits is from the most difficult of affairs and requires the person with such habits to change the nature he (or she) was nurtured upon, and to abandon one’s nature is very difficult.

[Slightly paraphrased. For further details see Tuhfatul Mawlood…page: 349-350]

Do not be deceived—you may not be described with what you know

In The Name of Allaah, The Most Merciful, The Bestower of Mercy

How many people know about love of Allaah, its rulings and all the affairs it necessitates; but his heart is deprived of it?! And how many a slave knows and bears witness to the pre-decree of Allaah and the excellence of sufficing oneself with Him; but when that which has been decreed takes place in opposition to what he likes, you see him anxious—having neither tranquility (and) certainty nor repose?! And only the one whose heart has acquired knowledge and awareness of Allaah in truth is tranquil about Allaah being sufficient for him, whilst submitting to His judgments, whatever the state of affairs may turn out to be.  And how many people know the rulings of trade and its details; but at the time of dealing, buying and selling, he does not deal in a beautiful manner with others?!  This is the same in many affairs with regards to this pattern of behaviour.

Therefore, do not be deceived when you know something that you will be attributed to it, and that is why it is legislated for the slave to ask Allaah for beneficial knowledge, and that is knowledge that produces actions (as its fruits).  And Allaah knows best.


[Source: By Imaam Abdur-Rahmaan As-Sadi (rahimahullaah) paraphrased and abridged http://www.sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=136031 ]

 

If my day and night are like that of the……Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah

Sufyaan Ibn Uyaynah (rahimahullaah) said:

If my morning is like that of the foolish person and my night is like that of the ignorant person, then what did I do with the knowledge I wrote down?!

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[أخلاق العلماء للآجري  ] page:44

The influence of the scholars and righteous worshipers–Imaam Ibnul Qayyim

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said:

Indeed the people only take their scholars and the righteous worshipers as examples to follow; so if the scholars are wicked and the worshipers are ignorant, then calamity will be widespread and trials will become great upon individuals and the general people.

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[Source: مفتاح دار السعادة 1/160]

Seek Allaah’s Protection from the trial of these two–Imaam Sufyaan Ath-Thawri

Sufyaan Ath-Thawree (rahimahullaah) said:

”Seek the protection of Allaah from the trial of the ignorant worshiper and the wicked scholar;

for indeed their trial is temptation for every one who has been put to trial.”

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[Source: أخلاق العلماء للآجري page: 63]